Fragmented thinking is characteristic of schizophrenia. Externally, it can be observed in the way a person speaks. People with schizophrenia tend to have trouble concentrating and maintaining a train of thought. They may respond to queries with an unrelated answer, start sentences with one topic and end somewhere completely different, speak incoherently, or say illogical things.
Common signs of disorganized speech in schizophrenia include:
Loose associations*– Rapidly shifting from topic to topic, with no connection between one thought and the next.Neologisms*– Made-up words or phrases that only have meaning to the patient.Perseveration*– Repetition of words and statements; saying the same thing over and over.Clang*– Meaningless use of rhyming words (“I said the bread and read the shed and fed Ned at the head").