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Story of Ah Kong


Alfrescian (Inf)
SINGAPORE - The walls were grey. And the tiny cell was smelly and stuffy all the time.

It took only seven steps for her to get from one end of the cell to the other.

For six months, home to Judy (not her real name), was a tiny cell shared with three other women who had abused drugs, just like she did.

She declined to give her real name for fear of drug traffickers looking for her.

Last year, Judy, 20, was sentenced to one year in a drug rehabilitation centre (DRC) after she was arrested and had tested positive for drug consumption. She spent six months in the DRC and the remaining six months at home, tagged and under curfew.

Judy was among the 225 women admitted to the DRC last year.

In 2010, only 134 women were admitted, and it was just 100 in 2009.

Judy told The Straits Times that she was introduced to heroin at the age of 14, when she was studying in Secondary 2.

She remembered watching a group of friends taking heroin after school one day, and one of them had offered her a straw.

She took it, and got hooked.

"I started with just one straw of heroin a day. Within a week or two, I was smoking two to three straws a day," Judy confessed.

To avoid her parents' suspicion over her fast money-spending habits, Judy, who is the only child in her family, took up part-time waitressing jobs at pubs in Geylang.

It was in Geylang that Judy saw many innocent teens like herself being introduced to drugs and getting hooked.

She said in a mixture of Mandarin and English: "The 'druggies' would get their friends hooked so that they could in turn sell the drugs to their friends and get free supplies for themselves."

She had also seen how some teenage girls would prostitute themselves for money to feed their drug addictions.

Drug traffickers could earn as much as between $7,000 and $10,000 a month, said Judy.

Some of them operated from budget hotels in Geylang and used unregistered mobile phone lines.

"These traffickers live in fear. They will not take public transport and will stay away from their homes. They know of the tough penalties if they are caught," said Judy.

"I knew one day I would be caught for consumption, and I am actually glad that it came sooner rather than later.

"I remember walking out of prison and telling myself that I would never set foot in there ever again. There are only bad memories."

For six months in the DRC, her bed was a thin and dirty straw mat, with a blanket that was folded to be used as a pillow.

There was also a squat toilet inside the cell and a short wall to protect what little modesty she had.

Judy spent all her time sleeping in her cell, waking up only to have her meals, she said.

Everything was rationed in the centre.

"I was given two bars of soap a month. And I would use the soap to wash my hair, my body, my face, my clothes, my disposable plastic spoon and cup, the cell and the toilet," said Judy.

"I cleaned the floor with my bare hands and washed my hands with the flushing water in the squat toilet."

Even though Judy has regained her freedom, memories of her time spent in the DRC continue to haunt her.

But it is also those bad memories that are keeping her away from drugs, she said


Alfrescian (Inf)
Caning is a widely used form of legal corporal punishment in Singapore. It can be divided into several contexts: judicial, prison, reformatory, military, school, and domestic/private.

Of these, judicial caning, for which Singapore is best known, is the most severe. It is reserved for male criminals aged under 50, for a wide range of offences under the Criminal Procedure Code. Caning is also a legal form of punishment for delinquent male members of the military (Singapore Armed Forces—SAF) and this is administered in the SAF Detention Barracks. Caning is also an official punishment in reform schools and as a prison disciplinary measure.

In a milder form, caning is used to punish male youths in many Singaporean schools for serious misbehaviour.

A much smaller cane or other implement is also used by some parents as punishment for their children of either sex. This is allowed in Singapore.

HistoryCaning, as a form of legally sanctioned corporal punishment for convicted criminals, was first introduced to Singapore and Malaysia (both then part of British Malaya) during the British colonial period. It was formally codified under the Straits Settlements Penal Code Ordinance IV.[1]

In that era, offences punishable by caning were similar to those punishable by birching or flogging in England and Wales, and included:[1]

Aggravated forms of theft
Assault with the intention of sexual abuse
A second or subsequent conviction of rape
A second or subsequent offence relating to prostitution
Living on or trading in prostitution.
Caning remained on the statute book after Malaysia declared independence from Britain, and likewise in Singapore after it ceased to be part of Malaysia. Subsequent legislation has been passed by the Parliament of Singapore over the years to increase the minimum strokes an offender receives, and the number of crimes that may be punished with caning.[1]

[edit] Legal basisSections 325 to 332 of the Criminal Procedure Code[2] lay down the procedures governing caning, including:

A convicted male criminal who is between the ages of 18 and 50 and has been certified medically fit by a medical officer may be subjected to judicial caning.
He will receive a maximum of 24 strokes of the cane on any one occasion, irrespective of the total number of offences committed.
If the offender is under 18 he may receive up to 10 strokes of the cane, but a lighter rattan cane will be used in this case. Boys under 16 may be sentenced to caning only by the High Court and not by district or juvenile courts.
The convict will not be caned if he has been sentenced to death.
The rattan cane shall not exceed half an inch (1.27 cm) in diameter and 1.2 metres long.
Any male criminal, whether sentenced to caning or not, may also be caned in prison if he breaks prison rules.

[edit] ExemptionsThe following groups of people are not liable to be caned for committing offences that may warrant a caning under Singaporean law:

Men sentenced to death
Men aged 50 and above
Persons certified medically unfit for caning
[edit] Offences punishable by caningSingaporean law allows caning to be ordered for over 30 offences, including hostage-taking / kidnapping,[3] robbery, gang robbery with murder, drug abuse, vandalism, rioting, sexual abuse (molest), and unlawful possession of weapons.[4] Caning is also a mandatory punishment for certain offences such as rape, drug trafficking, illegal money-lending,[5] and for visiting foreigners who overstay their visa by more than 90 days (a measure designed to deter illegal immigrant workers).[6]

Contrary to what has sometimes been misreported, the use or importation of chewing gum is subject only to fines; it is not and has never been an offence punishable by caning.[7]

[edit] StatisticsIn 1993, the number of caning sentences ordered by the courts was 3,244.[8] By 2007, this figure had doubled to 6,404, of which about 95% were actually implemented.[9] Since 2007, the number of caning sentences has been experiencing a significant decline year after year, reaching just 2318 in 2011.

Caning takes place at several establishments around Singapore, notably Changi Prison but also including Queenstown Remand Centre, where Michael P. Fay was caned in 1994. Canings are also administered in the Drug Rehabilitation Centres.

Year Number of sentences Sentences carried out Notes
1993 3244 [8]
2006 5984 95% [10]
2007 6404 95% [9]
2008 4078 98.7% January to September only [11]
2009 4228 99.8% January to November only [12]
2010 3170 98.7% [13]
2011 2318 98.9% [14]

[edit] The caneA rattan cane four feet (1.2 metres) long and half an inch (1.27 cm) thick[15] is used for prison and judicial canings. It is at about twice as thick as the canes used in the school and military contexts. The cane is soaked in water beforehand to make it more flexible and prevent it from splitting during use. The Prisons Department denies that canes are soaked in brine, but has said that the cane is treated with antiseptic before use to prevent infection. A lighter cane is used for offenders aged under 18.[16]

[edit] Administration procedureCaning is in practice always ordered in addition to a jail sentence and never as a punishment by itself. It is administered in an enclosed area in the prison, out of view of the public and other inmates. Those present are limited to the offender, prison wardens, medical officers, the caning officer and sometimes high-ranking prison officials to witness the punishment.[1]

An inmate sentenced to caning is not told when he will be caned, being notified only on the day his sentence is to be carried out.[17] He is ordered to strip naked; the prison doctor then examines him[1] to check whether he is medically fit for caning, by measuring his blood pressure and other physical conditions. If the doctor gives the green light, the inmate then receives his caning, but if he is certified unfit for punishment, he is sent back to the court for his prison term to be increased instead. A prison officer confirms with him the number of strokes he is to receive.[1]

The inmate is then led to the A-shaped frame (called a "caning trestle") and his wrists and ankles secured tightly to the frame by strong leather straps[1] in such a way that he assumes a bent-over position on the frame at an angle of close to 90° at the hip.[1] Protective padding is placed on his lower back to protect the vulnerable kidney and lower spine area from any strokes that land off-target.[1] The punishment is administered on the offender's bare buttocks.[1] The caning officer takes up position beside the frame and delivers the number of strokes specified in the sentence, at intervals of 10 to 15 seconds. He is required to put his full force into each stroke.[1] The strokes are administered all in one caning session,[18] unless the medical officer certifies that the inmate cannot receive any more strokes because of his condition, in which case the rest of the strokes are converted to additional prison time.[1]

[edit] Medical treatment and the effectsThe immediate physical effects when the cane comes into contact have been exaggerated in some popular accounts; nevertheless, some physical damage may be inflicted, depending on the number of strokes. Michael P. Fay, a recipient of four strokes, said: "There was some blood. I mean, let's not exaggerate, and let's not say a few drops or that the blood was gushing out. It was in between the two. It's like a bloody nose."[19] A report by the Singapore Bar Association stated, "The blows are applied with the full force of the jailer's arm. When the rattan hits the bare buttocks, the skin disintegrates, leaving a white line and then a flow of blood."[20] More profuse bleeding may, however, occur in the case of a larger number of strokes.[1]

Men who have been caned before described the pain they experienced as "unbearable" and "excruciating". A recipient of 10 strokes even said, "The pain was beyond description. If there is a word stronger than excruciating, that should be the word to describe it"."[1]

After the caning, the inmate is released from the frame and receives medical treatment.[1] Antiseptic lotion is applied.[1] The wounds take between a week and a month to heal, and the marks are indelible.[21] Where a large number of strokes is given, there is long-term scarring of the buttocks.[1]

Those caned are not eligible to serve in the Singapore Armed Forces as conscripts if they have not already done so.[1]

Notable casesAmerican Michael P. Fay, whose conviction for vandalism and sentence of six strokes of the cane attracted worldwide publicity and sparked off a minor diplomatic crisis between Singapore and the United States. The Singaporean government reduced Fay's sentence from six to four strokes, and he was caned on 5 May 1994.
Dickson Tan Yong Wen, because of an administrative error, received three more strokes than he was sentenced to. Tan was sentenced on 28 February 2007 to a total of nine months in jail and five strokes of the cane for two offences involving abetting an illegal moneylender to harass a debtor. He received eight strokes on 29 March 2007.[22] Tan sought S$3 million from the government in compensation, but this was rejected. He did receive some compensation after negotiations, but the amount was kept secret.[23]
Corporal Dave Teo, a Full Time National Serviceman who made headlines in Singapore when, on 2 September 2007, he went absent without official leave (AWOL) from an army camp with a SAR 21 assault rifle. He was later arrested by police at Cathay Cineleisure Orchard with the rifle, eight 5.56mm rounds, and a knife in his possession. Teo was sentenced in July 2008 to nine years and two months' imprisonment and 18 strokes of the cane under multiple charges under the Arms Offences Act.[24]
Swiss national Oliver Fricker, sentenced on 25 June 2010 to 5 months' jail and three strokes of the cane for breaking into the SMRT Trains Changi Depot and vandalising an MRT train by spraypainting it.[25]
Two Taiwanese nationals, Su Wei Ying and Wu Wei Chun, were sentenced in September 2010 to 21 and 24 months' jail respectively, and both received 15 strokes of the cane for loansharking offences.[26][27] Another Taiwanese national, Chen Ci Fan, was sentenced in January 2011 to 46 months' jail and 6 strokes of the cane, also in connection with loansharking. Director of the Criminal Investigation Department, Assistant Commissioner of Police Hoong Wee Teck said, "Foreigners and locals alike should be aware of the serious consequences of dabbling in such criminal activities and not be tempted by the lure of easy money. Regardless of their role or involvement, Police will not hesitate to take them to task and ensure that they are dealt with appropriately in accordance with our laws."[28][29] Vanessa Shih, Taiwan's Representative to Singapore, said her staff had visited them in jail and informed their families. She urged Taiwanese to abide by Singapore law while in the city-state.
[edit] Differences between judicial caning in Singapore and in MalaysiaIn Singapore, only the High Court may order the caning of boys under 16. In Malaysia local courts may do so.[30]
In Singapore, in both legislation and press reports, the term "caning" is used to describe the punishment. In Malaysia the term "caning" is often used informally, and the phrases "strokes of the cane" and "strokes of the rotan" are used interchangeably, but officially the correct term is "whipping" in accordance with traditional British legislative terminology.[30]
In Singapore, no man above the age of 50 can be sentenced to caning. In Malaysia, however, this age limit has been abolished for rapists. In 2008, a 56-year-old man was sentenced to 57 years' jail and 12 strokes of the cane for rape.[31]
The Malaysian cane is marginally smaller than the Singaporean one but there are no discernible differences when first-person accounts from both countries are compared. In Malaysia a smaller cane is used for white-collar offenders but there are no reports of any such distinction being made in Singapore.[30]
In Singapore, rubber-lined padding is secured around the prisoner's lower back to protect the kidney and lower spine area from any strokes that land off-target. In Malaysia, a special "frame shield" that covers the offender's lower back and upper thighs while leaving the buttocks exposed is used.[32]
The A-shaped frames used in Singapore and Malaysia are different. In Singapore the offender bends over a padded crossbar on the frame with his feet together, while in Malaysia the inmate stands upright (albeit leaning slightly forward) at the frame with his legs apart.[30]
In Malaysia, men have sometimes been sentenced to more than 24 strokes, such as in a case in 2004 when a man was given 75 years' jail and 50 strokes of the cane for molesting his step-daughter.[33] There are no reports of any man receiving more than 24 strokes in Singapore.
[edit] Prison caningUnder the Prisons Act, prison superintendents may impose corporal punishment not exceeding 12 strokes of the cane for aggravated prison offences.[34] This punishment can be imposed after due inquiry at a "mini-court" inside the prison, during which the prisoner is given an opportunity to hear the charge and evidence against him and to present his defence. The Prisons Director must approve the punishment before it can be carried out. It is administered in the same manner as for judicial caning.

Inmates of Drug Rehabilitation Centres may be caned in the same way.

In 2008 the procedure was revised to introduce a review of each prison caning sentence by an independent external panel.[35]

[edit] Military caningIn the Singapore Armed Forces, a subordinate military court, or the officer in charge of the SAF Detention Barracks, may sentence a serviceman to a maximum of 24 strokes of the cane (with a maximum of 12 strokes per offence, 10 in the case of minors) for breaching certain military rules. In either case, the punishment must be confirmed by the Armed Forces Council before it can be administered. The minimum age for caning within the Armed Forces is 16 (now 16.5 de facto, since entry into the Armed Forces is restricted to those above that age).[36]

Military corporal punishment is less severe than its civilian counterpart, designed not to cause undue bleeding or permanent scars. The punishment is administered on the buttocks, which are covered with a "protective guard".[36] Caning is mainly used on recalcitrant teenage conscripts.[37] The cane used is 6.35 millimetres (1/4 inch) in diameter (half the thickness of the prison/judicial cane)[38] though it is about the same length. This is similar to the cane used in secondary schools. However, the offender is bound in a bent-over position to an A-frame just like the one used in judicial caning.[39]

No statistics have been published as to how many military personnel are caned.

[edit] Reformatory caningCaning is used as a form of legal corporal punishment in reformatories, such as the Singapore Boys' Home and Singapore Girls' Home, which house juvenile delinquents aged up to 16.[40][41]

The Managers of these institutions are given the authority to impose caning on delinquents who have committed offences similar to those punishable by caning in ordinary secondary schools. A maximum of up to 10 strokes of the cane may be inflicted.[40][41] The type of cane used must be approved by the Director before use,[40][41] but no details are provided on the dimensions of the cane, and it is assumed that the cane is similar to the one used in secondary schools. The punishment is administered in private.[40][41] Boys may be caned on the palm of the hand or on the buttocks over clothing.[40][41] Girls may be caned on the palm of the hand only,[40][41] and this is the only form of official corporal punishment in Singapore that may be applied to females.

[edit] School caningCaning is also used as a form of corporal punishment in primary and, especially, secondary schools, and rarely in one or two post-secondary colleges, to maintain strict discipline in school. This is applicable only to male students; it is illegal to cane girls. The punishment is administered formally along traditional British lines, typically in the form of a predetermined number of vigorous cuts across the seat of the student's trousers as he bends over a desk or chair.

The Ministry of Education encourages schools to punish boys by caning for serious offences such as fighting, smoking, cheating, gangsterism, vandalism, defiance and truancy.[42] Students may also be caned for repeated cases of more minor offences, such as being late repeatedly in a term. The punishment may be administered only by the Principal or Vice-Principal, or by a specially designated and trained Discipline Master. At most schools, caning comes after detention but before suspension in the hierarchy of penalties.[43] Some schools use a demerit points system, whereby students receive a mandatory caning after accumulating a certain number of demerit points for a wide range of offences.[43]

Under government regulations, the punishment should not exceed a maximum of six strokes, and can only be administered on the palm of the hand or on the buttocks over clothing, using a light rattan cane of about four feet long.[44] The majority of the canings range from one to three very hard strokes, applied to the seat of the boy's trousers or shorts.[43] Canings on the hand are rarely implemented, but one notable exception is Saint Andrew's Secondary School, where students may be caned on the palm for less serious offences.[45]

Canings in schools may be classified as:

Private caning (this is the most frequent kind): The student is caned in the school office, in the presence of the Principal/Vice-Principal and another member of the staff.
Class caning: The student is caned in front of his class.
Public caning: The student is caned in front of an assembly of the whole school population, to serve as a warning to potential offenders as well as to shame the student. This punishment is usually reserved for serious offences like fighting, smoking or vandalism.
Others: There can be intermediate levels between a "class caning" and a "public caning". Some schools give these special names, such as "a cohort caning" (in front of all classes of the offending pupil's year) and "a consortium caning" (in front of all the lower secondary, or all the upper secondary, or certain streams of classes within certain year levels).
School caning is a solemn and formal ceremony. Before the caning, the Principal/Discipline Master usually explains the student's offence to the audience. Next, a protective item (a book or a file) is tucked into the boy's trouser waistband to protect the lower back from strokes that land off-target.[43] He is directed to bend over a table or a chair, with his buttocks pushed slightly up and back. In this position, the boy is caned across the seat of his trousers or shorts according to the number of strokes prescribed. He normally experiences superficial bruises and weals for some days after the punishment.[43]

Certain schools have special practices for caning, such as making the student change into physical education (PE) attire (because PE shorts are apparently thinner than the uniform trousers/shorts) for the punishment. Some schools require the student to read out a public apology before receiving his strokes.

Boys of any age from 6 to 19 may be caned, but the majority of canings are of secondary school students aged 14–16 inclusive.[43] The Ministry of Education recommends that the student receive counselling before and/or after his caning.

Routine school canings are naturally not normally publicised, so cases only get reported in the press in rare special cases.
Objections to corporal punishmentAmnesty International has condemned the practice of judicial caning in Singapore as "cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment".[55] It is also regarded by some international observers as a violation of Article 1 in the United Nations Convention Against Torture. However, Singapore is not signatory to the Convention.[56] Human Rights Watch also objects to the practice of caning.[citation needed]


Alfrescian (Inf)
Some people run road when commit crimes,Is it due to long jail terms or is it due to canning?:confused:


Alfrescian (Inf)
Born to Kill (gang)

Born to Kill was the name of a notorious New York City-based street gang composed of first-generation Vietnamese immigrants. Their rise to power was in the 1980s when they ran New York City's Chinatown with an iron fist and quickly rose to become the most notorious Asian gang the country of the United States has ever witnessed.[citation needed] The early 1990s proved to be detrimental to the Vietnamese collective following the arrest and prosecution of most of their New York-based operatives by the fall of 1992.

OriginsBorn to Kill was founded by David Thai, who arrived from Vietnam in 1975 following the Fall of Saigon. He formed Born to Kill in 1988, while his gang adopted its name from the phrase American soldiers had on their helmets during the Vietnam War and the gang's prowess is often attributed to the chaotic environment of guns and drugs in Vietnam.[1] They are considered to be the most notorious and violent Asian gang known to date and were known to challenge the authority of established Chinatown gangs.[2] While identified by some as predominantly Vietnamese, Born to Kill consisted of New York native Vietnamese as well as immigrants new to the tri-state area. David Thai and his operations birthed the Canal Street counterfeit market and made it a worldwide tourist visit location for bootlegged items.[2][3]

[edit] Peak activityGang members were predominantly in their teens and 20s, although they ranged from fifteen to thirty-five,[4] and were known to target restaurant owners and storekeepers along Canal Street.[5][6] Some members were recruited from areas near the Bronx High School of Science.[7]

In July 1990 there were believed to be as many as 80 active members in New York City[3] and by October 1992, when their activities in Chinatown had diminished significantly, there were factions of the gang operating in the State of Georgia and Canada. Peak numbers in New York may have ranged as high as 100, with chapters of the gang operating in New Jersey, California and Texas.[8] Gang members were tattooed with the initials B.T.K, a coffin and three candles, signifying no fear of dying.[9]

[edit] Outside of New YorkThe gang's spread was more prevalent in areas with an established Vietnamese presence, including smaller cities such as Biloxi, Mississippi[10] and larger cities such as Dallas, Texas.[11] Once active in other cities and states, the gangs did not always maintain the same activities as they did in New York. In Sacramento, California, Born to Kill was active in less-visible areas such as computer-chip theft, as well as the sale of guns to young Vietnamese.[12]

One of the areas where the gang was most active was Atlanta[13] and Doraville, Georgia where it continued to operate as late as December 1996.[14]

[edit] DeclineGang founder Thai was arrested along with other top-tier members of Born to Kill in August 1991 at one of the gang's safe havens in Melville, Long Island. It was believed to be his first arrest.[4] This led to the arrest and conviction of seven members on federal racketeering charges in April 1992.[15] Most were sentenced to 40 years and Thai was sentenced to 10 extra years. Other members may reside in New Orleans, Louisiana.


Alfrescian (Inf)

A shark's tale

Book by CPIB reveals how feared criminal got cops on his payroll. -TNP
Shaffiq Alkhatib

Fri, Sep 21, 2012
The New Paper

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong chatting with two former directors of the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB), Mr Soh Kee Hean and Mr Chua Cher Yak, current CPIB director Eric Tan and former CPIB director Evan Yeo at the Istana during a ceremony to mark the 60th anniversary of the CPIB on 18 September 2012.
Notorious loan shark Ah Long San's driver was sworn to secrecy.

But the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB) needed Ah Gee's help to track down the wanted criminal.

Several investigators had tried to speak to the chauffeur, but he refused to reveal any information about his employer.

In the end, a resourceful CPIB officer, Deputy Director Teng Khee Fatt, spoke to Ah Gee and gained his trust.

Moved after being called a "good man" by the officer, Ah Gee finally gave the CPIB details that helped force Ah Long San's hand.

The case involving Ah Long San is one of 18 cases highlighted in CPIB's coffee table book titled The Journey - 60 Years of Fighting Corruption in Singapore.

The 120-page publication was launched on tuesday on the bureau's 60th anniversary commemorative ceremony.

Besides the Ah Long San case, other high-profile cases involving offenders from all walks of life are also included, such as former ministers, policemen, football players and senior executives of companies.

Feared criminal

Ah Long San was an infamous moneylender and criminal in the 1990s.

He owned a number of legitimate businesses like karaoke pubs, but he was also involved in illegal moneylending.

Despite being a feared criminal, he was not caught for a long time.

That was because those who had information about him preferred to keep mum, fearing for their safety and the safety of their loved ones.

And Ah Long San had moles within the police force who tipped him off to raids.

In all, he managed to bribe nine crooked cops, all of whom ended up behind bars.

The highest ranking was a former assistant superintendent of police, who was 29 years old when he was jailed 18 months on Jan 11, 2000.

The former cop, who used to work as an air steward, first met the loan shark at a 24-hour Geylang food stall in 1994.

Ah Long San later became aware of the younger man's desire to join the police force and encouraged him to do so.

He also sponsored the ex-policeman's education in law.

Before he joined the police force in October 1997, the former cop had accepted various sums of money from Ah Long San.

This included a S$20,000 advance in 1995 to complete his law studies in Britain after he failed his second-year external law examination here.

The younger man remained in close contact with the loan shark through the years.

It was the former cop who introduced his other colleagues to Ah Long San.

The ex-policeman was convicted on four corruption charges - for receiving three bribes of S$1,000 each and one of S$5,000 between November 1997 and January 1999.

He took the money and used his office and contacts to influence the outcome of investigations.

And when the loan shark's brother was arrested, Ah Long San used his moles in the police force to check on the status of the case.

The crooked cops were also told to treat Ah Long San's sibling nicely.

Ah Long San was later convicted and sentenced to 18 months' jail for bribing a then-police officer.

Knowing that he could be serving more jail time, he went into hiding after failing to appear in court when the appeal against his 18-month sentence was heard.

But The New Paper managed to score an exclusive interview with him in June 2001 while he was on the run.

Speaking to TNP then, he said: "My jail term is 18 months. But I still have several cases pending.... I will be in jail for a long time."

But he was arrested on July 9, 2001, after he surrendered to the authorities.

He was jailed for 10 years on Oct 4, 2001, when he was 45.

It was then the heaviest sentence meted out by the courts for graft.

At The Launch

"It's far better to suffer the embarrassment and to keep the system clean for the long term than to pretend that nothing has gone wrong and to let the rot spread."

- Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong

"The latest cases are new forms of corruption, with sex being exchanged for favourable outcomes. There is no end to human ingenuity."

- Former prime minister Lee Kuan Yew


Alfrescian (Inf)
Yamikinyu in JapanMain article: Sarakin
The regulation of moneylenders is typically much looser than that of banks. In Japan, the Moneylending Control Law requires only registration in each prefecture. In Japan, as the decades-long depression lingers, banks are reluctant to spare money and regulation becomes tighter, illegal moneylending has become a social issue. Illegal moneylenders typically charge an interest of 30 or 50% in 10 days (in Japanese, these are called "to-san" ('to' meaning ten and 'san' meaning three) or "to-go" ('to' meaning ten and 'go' meaning five)), which is about 1.442 million % or 267.5 million % per annum. This is against the law that sets the maximum interest rate at 29.2%. They usually do business with those who cannot get more money from banks, legitimate consumer loans, or credit cards.

[edit] Ah Long in Malaysia and Singapore Ah Long (derived from the Cantonese phrase '大耳窿' (Jyutping: daai6 ji5 lung1) is a colloquial term for illegal loan sharks in Malaysia and Singapore. They lend money to people who are unable to obtain loans from banks or other legal sources, mostly targeting habitual gamblers. Often, they discreetly advertise by sticking notices, mostly on lamp posts and utility boxes around a neighbourhood, thus creating another vandalism problem as public authorities have to remove them. They charge a very high interest rate (about 40% per month/fortnight)[citation needed] and frequently threaten violence (and administer it) towards those who fail to pay in time.[25][26]

[edit] Ah Long tacticsWhen a person fails to pay in time, the Ah Long will spray (with spray paint), splash, or write threats in paint or markers on the walls of the house or property of that person as a threat of violence and to shame the borrower into repaying the loan. A common use of painting includes the characters "O$P$" meaning "owe money, pay money", as well as the debtors' unit number. According to local police authorities, there have been cases where borrowers and even their family members were beaten or had their property damaged or destroyed, and some victims have committed suicide.[25] In other cases, flowerpots placed outside the debtors' units were smashed, debtors' house gates have been tied up with cable ties and at the extreme, debtors' property such as their house door/gate or their cars have been burnt.

Pig heads are sometimes hung outside the borrower's house, as a type of intimidation as well as a way of 'marking' the person as a loan 'defaulter'.

Ah Long sometimes break into victim's houses and steal items of the loan's value. This method is commonly used to save time and also effort.[citation needed]

Recent cases shows that Ah Longs also displays the borrower's identity card on a huge banner and post it on fences. Since Ah Longs need only an identity card from borrowers, this tactic is becoming common because it shames the borrower publicly into paying up.

Borrowers often use their outdated identity card to borrow money, with the intent to not pay what they owe. As a result, unsuspecting house owners end up paying the price of receiving the Ah Long tactics of intimidation. Since they are not the borrowers, the intimidation does not stop and the Ah Long will keep on harassing them.[citation needed]


Alfrescian (Inf)
Pulau SenangFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Coordinates:
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1°10′14″N 103°44′10″E / 1.17056°N 103.73611°E / 1.17056; 103.73611
Pulau Senang
English Pulau Senang
Chinese 安乐岛
– Pinyin ānlè dǎo
Malay Pulau Senang
Tamil புலாவ் செனாங்

Pulau Senang is a 81.7-hectare coral island about 13 kilometres off the southern coast of Singapore. Along with Pulau Pawai and Pulau Sudong, it is used as a military training area for live-fire exercises. Pulau Senang is best known in the history of Singapore as a penal settlement experiment that failed after only three years, when a riot against the guards broke out in 1963, killing three officers.

EtymologyPulau Senang is Malay for "island of ease".

[edit] HistoryPulau Senang was a penal experiment where prisoners were allowed to roam freely on the island. It was thought that detainees could be reformed through manual labour.

The settlement started on 18 May 1960, when 50 detainees arrived with Superintendent Daniel Dutton. Over the next three years, the number of detainees rose to 320, and they transformed the island into an attractive settlement.

Believing that through hard work, the detainees could be reformed. Dutton removed arms from the guards. On 12 July 1963, a group of some 70 to 90 detainees rioted and burned down most of the buildings. They hacked Dutton to death and killed two other officers. 58 people were accused of rioting and murdering Dutton and officers Arumugan Veerasingham and Tan Kok Hian.

Because of the large number of the accused, a special dock had to be constructed for them. The case went to trial on 18 November and lasted an unprecedented 64 days. On 12 March 1964, the seven-member jury found 18 of the accused guilty of murder, 18 guilty of rioting with deadly weapons and 11 guilty of rioting. The remaining 11 accused were acquitted. Those found guilty of murder were sentenced to death, while those found guilty of rioting with deadly weapons were sentenced to three years of imprisonment; the rest to two years of imprisonment.

Most of those involved in the rioting were members of secret societies who were detained without trial and had no hope of leaving the island. As a result of the riots, the penal experiment came to an abrupt end.

[edit] Restricted areaSince the early 1980s, the island together with Pulau Sudong and Pulau Pawai, these three islands formed the Singapore Armed Forces southern islands military training area and live-firing zone.[1] As with all other military installations within the country, the entire live-firing zone is strictly off limits to all civilians at all times of the day and night.[2]


Alfrescian (Inf)

'One-eyed Dragon' to donate organs

By Chong Shin Yen

GUNMAN Tan Chor Jin, better known as the 'One-eyed Dragon', has failed in his final bid to avoid the hangman's noose.

Tan, 41, had been sentenced to hang for murder and he had appealed to the President for clemency in August.

His plea was rejected last week, just before New Year's Day.

Tan was represented by criminal lawyers Subhas Anandan and Sunil Sudheesan, who had also handled his court appeal.

Mr Sunil told The New Paper that they received a letter informing them of the news during the last week of December.

'We have not visited him in prison yet but will do so within the next few days,' he said.

The death penalty is usually carried out within two weeks of the receipt of this letter.

Appealing for the President's clemency is a common option for death-row inmates when they fail in their court appeal.

When contacted, Tan's Malaysian wife, Madam Siau Fang Fang, 27, said she was in a meeting and declined to be interviewed.

But she earlier told Shin Min Daily News that although she was extremely disappointed with the outcome, she has accepted that her husband of eight years will be hanged.

Said Madam Siau: 'My only regret is that he (Tan) will not be able to spend Chinese New Year this year.

'He was calm and composed when told that his clemency plea had been rejected. He was prepared for this outcome.'

Madam Siau added that Tan had told her he wished to donate his organs after his death.

He also consoled her and asked her to accept his impending death.

'We often take his two young children to visit him in prison. He knows that they will be well taken care of,' she said.

'He said he will go without regrets.'

Tan also has a mistress who bore him a daughter, 7, and a son, 2.

He was convicted in 2007 of firing six pistol rounds at nightclub boss Lim Hock Soon, 40, at the latter's Serangoon flat on 15 February 2006. Five of them hit Mr Lim, killing him instantly.

Mr Lim's wife, teenage daughter and maid were also in the flat that morning when Tan barged in.

He got Mr Lim to tie up the others first before he tied Mr Lim's hands and shot him.

Tan left the flat with the family's valuables, and directed an accomplice who had driven him there to take him to a canal, where he dumped the gun.

He escaped to Malaysia soon after that.

Ten days later, Tan was tracked down by the Malaysian police and arrested in a Kuala Lumpur hotel room. He was later extradited to Singapore.

Tan, the former headman of a secret society, was known as the One-eyed Dragon because he is blind in the right eye. He discharged his lawyer and defended himself during his trial.

The court threw out his claims of intoxication, self-defence and accidental misfiring and he was sentenced to death in May 2007.


Alfrescian (Inf)

The 14K (十四K) is a Triad group based in Hong Kong but active internationally. It is the second largest Triad group in the world with around 20,000 members split into thirty subgroups. They are the main rival of the Sun Yee On, which is the largest Triad.[5] The 14K are responsible for large-scale drug trafficking around the world, most of it heroin and opium from China or Southeast Asia. This is their primary business in terms of generating income, but they are also involved in illegal gambling, money laundering, arms trafficking, prostitution, people smuggling, extortion, counterfeiting and, to a lesser extent, home invasion robberies.[6][7]

[edit] HistoryThe 14K was formed by Kuomintang Lieutenant-General Kot Siu-wong in Guangzhou, China in 1945 as an anti-Communist action group. However, they relocated to Hong Kong in 1949 when the Kuomintang fled from the Communists following the Chinese Civil War.[8] Originally there were fourteen members who were part of the Kuomintang, hence the name 14K. However, some say that 14 stands for the road number of a former headquarters and K stands for Kowloon.[9]

Compared with other triad societies, the 14K is one of the largest and most violent Hong Kong based triad societies, and its members appear to be more loosely connected. 14K factional violence is actually out of control because no dragonhead is able to govern all factions of 14K worldwide.[10] While Hong Kong's 14K triad gang dominates its traditional areas of operation and has expanded far beyond the former British colony, its focus remains Sino-centric. Hong Kong triads, including the 14K, have also expanded their activities in mainland China; a key motivation for members to cross into China is to avoid police security and anti-gang crackdowns in Hong Kong [11][12]

During the 1990s, it was the "largest Triad in the world". In 1997, there were a number of gang-related attacks that left 14 people dead. Under Wan Kuok-koi (nicknamed "Broken Tooth Koi", 崩牙駒), the 14K was being challenged by the smaller Shui Fong Triad. The next year, a gunman believed to be connected to the local 14K killed a Portuguese national and wounded another at a sidewalk café in Macau. In 1999, a Portuguese court convicted 45-year-old mob boss Broken Tooth Koi on various criminal charges and sentenced him to 15 years imprisonment. His 14K gang was suspected of drive-by shootings, car bombings and attempted assassinations. Seven of his associates received lesser sentences. Since the crackdown in Macau, the 14K triad resurfaced in North American cities such as Los Angeles, San Francisco and Chicago in the United States and Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto, Canada, Sydney Australia, also UK London.[13] In response to the massive publicity generated by Broken Tooth Koi, the 14K dramatically lowered its public profile. Meanwhile, loan sharking and money laundering continue to be the primary sources of revenue for the 14K in North America.[citation needed]

In August 2008, the 14K were allegedly involved in a high-profile kidnapping of a Chinese family in New Zealand near Papatoetoe, Auckland. The plan was to demand a ransom, but they were found before the money was paid.[14]


Alfrescian (Inf)
Sun Yee On


Founded 1919
Founding location Hong Kong
Years active 1919 – present
Territory Hong Kong, Mainland China, United Kingdom, Belgium, France, the Netherlands
Ethnicity Han Chinese
Membership 55,000 - 60,000+
Criminal activities racketeering, counterfeiting, extortion, drug trafficking, human trafficking, money laundering, illegal gambling, prostitution
Allies Wo Hop To
Rivals 14K, Wo Shing Wo

Sun Yee On, or New Righteousness and Peace Commercial and Industrial Guild, is one of the leading triads[1] in Hong Kong and Mainland China, with the most members – more than 55,000 – worldwide.[2] It is also believed to be active in the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands[3] and in the government of Guangdong Province in China.[2]

HistorySun Yee On was founded by Heung Chin, originally from Chiu Chow, in 1919.[4] The organization, which has direct links to the Chinese central government[citation needed], is involved in counterfeiting, gambling, narcotics, clandestine immigration, prostitution, smuggling and extortion[citation needed]. Mainly through ethnic Chinese diaspora, it is thought to extend to the United States, Canada, Thailand, Australia and Central America.[5] The founder was deported to Taiwan in the early 1950s and continued to lead the organization from there.[4] Sun Yee On was allegedly taken over by his eldest son Heung Wah-yim, who ostensibly worked as a law clerk.[4]

[edit] 1980s' spillIn February 1986 a former Hong Kong police officer, Anthony Chung, who had become a member of Sun Yee On, asked the police for protection.[4] He identified Heung Wah-yim as the leader of the triad and this led to the police arresting eleven members of the Triad on 1 April 1987.[4] Whilst searching Heung Wah-yim's law office they found a list of 900 numbered names which appeared to be the membership roster of Sun Yee On.[4] In October Heung Wah-yim was brought to trial, along with five accomplices who all pleaded guilty.[4] Heung Wah-yim protested his innocence throughout the trial, claiming to be the president of a local chapter of the Lions Club and that the list found in his office consisted of potential donors.[4] Chung and together with another former member were the main prosecution witnesses. On 20 January 1988 the jury found five of the defendants guilty, including Heung Wah-yim who was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison, acquitting the sixth.[4]

[edit] 2000sThe triad operates vice establishments in several Tsim Sha Tsui and Yau Ma Tei, or at least did in November 2010 when a 29-year-old alleged office-bearer or "red pole" of the triad, named "Sai B" Chan, was arrested for vice offences and money laundering.[6]

Lee Tai-lung Lee, a Sun Yee On boss in Tsim Sha Tsui, was murdered in front of the Kowloon Shangri-La hotel on August 4, 2009 by members of Wo Shing Wo gang. Lee was ostensibly victim of a revenge attack on the orders of Leung Kwok-chung, a senior member of a Wo Shing Wo crew in Tai Kok Tsui who was injured by Lee during a bar fight in July 2006 in Prat Avenue.[7][8] Following Lee's death, three of his former followers stepped in to defend his lucrative entertainment empire from other triads. In 2011(?), Lee's three followers were tracked by "Ko Tat", another "red pole fighter" in Wan Chai, who failed to spread his influence across the harbour. Tai Hau, leader of another Sun Yee On faction in active in Tuen Mun tried to encroach upon Lee's West Kowloon and Tsim Sha Tsui operations. His attempts were thwarted by an undercover police operation, as a result of which 222 people were arrested in January of 2012. The Organised Crime and Triad Bureau suspects that "Ko Chun" may be the latest kingpin of Lee's original turf.[8]


Alfrescian (Inf)
hearsay 14k boss is out from jail after serving 15 years.

Bro this is the news...


Saturday, Dec 01, 2012
MACAU - A Macau triad boss known as "Broken Tooth" walked free from jail Saturday after more than 14 years behind bars for heading a gang blamed for a string of murders and bombings in the former Portuguese colony.

The release of Wan Kuok-koi has triggered tightened security in the world's biggest gaming hub although experts say it is unlikely Macau will witness a return to the violence seen before the city returned to Chinese rule in 1999.

Wan, wearing a white T-shirt, walked out from a high-security prison and was collected by two men - one reported to be his brother - in a white car just before 7:00 am, an AFP photographer saw.

Now aged 57, he smiled but did not gesture to waiting journalists.

Wan was leader of the 14k triad, the largest organised crime outfit in Macau in the mid-1990s, and was jailed over offences linked to loan sharking, money laundering and triad activities.

At his trial, police said his gang had been involved in a string of murders, bombings, drive-by shootings and kidnappings that plagued the colony in the run-up to the handover to Chinese rule.

He stood trial with nine other gang members facing a raft of charges, among them membership of a triad society, illicit gambling, extortion, drug trafficking, smuggling and illegal possession of firearms.

His release has rekindled memories of Macau's darker days, but a lawyer representing Wan, said he intends to lead a quiet life.

"The only thing he wants is for people to forget him," Pedro Leal told the South China Morning Post.

"In recent weeks he's been on the cover of many magazines and they've all talked about his past. All he wants is to be left in peace. He's going to lead a quiet life from now on," the lawyer said.

During Wan's time in prison, Macau has been transformed into the world's top gaming destination after the casino sector that was once monopolised by tycoon Stanley Ho was opened up to foreign competition in 2002.

The semi-autonomous territory, the only place in China where casino gambling is legal, now earns five times the gaming revenue of Las Vegas.

Six firms are licenced to operate casinos in Macau.


Alfrescian (Inf)
Wan Kuok-koi (尹國駒; Cantonese: Wan Gwok-keui; Mandarin: Yǐn Guójū), popularly known as Broken Tooth Koi (崩牙駒; Cantonese: bung nga keui; Mandarin: bēng yá jū) was, until his arrest, the leader of the Macau branch of the 14K Triad. He was released after more than 14 years in prison on December 1, 2012.[SUP][1]


Wan had a tough childhood, growing up in the slums of Macau and fighting for his life on the street, before rising through the ranks of the 14K. His rise was accelerated by the arrival of another gangster, Ng Wai, whom he began to work for. As Wan's position in the 14K got higher, Wai asked him to 'eliminate' his boss, Mo-Ding Ping, an assignment which Wan accepted. This provoked a year-long turf war, finally coming to a close when Ping had to flee Macau to avoid a murder charge.

Gang war with former associate

However, tension between the two gangsters grew as Wai grew wary of Wan's high-profile persona. Teaming up with rival triad group the Shui Fong, a vicious turf war broke out in 1996 and 1997. In early 1997, an unsigned letter was sent to several newspapers in the area. It said: "Warning: From this day on it is forbidden to mention Broken Tooth Koi in the press; otherwise bullets will have no eyes, and knives and bullets will have no feelings."

In 1997 Wan briefly fled Macau to avoid two arrest warrants, one from a new anti-triad law enacted in Macau, and one for drug-trafficking from China. However in August a Portuguese judge cleared Wan of all charges, and unexpectedly retired and moved back to Portugal the very next day.

Wan then proceeded to attack Wai in public, putting up posters claiming he was a drug trafficker and declaring that anyone visiting Wai's casinos would become his enemy. Ultimately, Wan amassed enough power and influence and took over Wai's rackets completely. By this time he was earning $6 million a month from his legal gambling establishments.

Involvement in the film industry and arrest

In the autumn of 1997, Wan approached Hong Kong movie producer Henry Fong Ping to produce a film based on his life. The result was the 1998 movieCasino (aka Ho Kong Fung Wan) starring Simon Yam as Giant, a triad boss living the high life in the Macau underworld. Wan agreed to extensive research meetings to make the film as accurate as possible, as well as using his influence on Macau to help the crew film.

One of his most outrageous stunts was to close down the Macau-Taipa Bridge for some hours to allow filming of a crucial scene in the movie. The producers had asked the Macau Government for permission to film on the bridge, closing it to traffic, but permission was denied. However, Wan wanted the scene to be shot anyway so he closed traffic from both sides of the bridge without any warning and the scene was filmed in this manner. Traffic to and from Macau was, because of this, halted for around two hours. No police intervention was made or any other measures by the Macau Government were taken to reopen the bridge to normal traffic flow on what was then the only link between the Macau mainland and Taipa-Coloane.

A week before opening night, as he watched his own movie Casino, Wan was arrested and charged with illegal gambling, loan-sharking, criminal association, and attempted murder of the chief of police. In November 1999, in a landmark trial, he was convicted and jailed, along with eight associates including his brother Wan Kuok-hung. Wan was sentenced to 15 years in prison. All assets of the nine were confiscated.[SUP][2][/SUP] His jail term was later reduced to 13 years and 10 months.[SUP][3][/SUP]
Wan was released from prison on December 1, 2012 and is planning to re-enter the casino junkets business.[SUP][3][/SUP][SUP][4]

Private and public life

Much like Nicky Barnes and Al Capone, Wan kept a very stylish public appearance, driving expensive sports cars and wearing expensive suits and jewellery. Prior to his prison sentenced he went through three marriages and has fathered six children.
As a result of his gangster lifestyle he has also acquired a number of wounds. He has been shot twice and has had his arms badly mangled by meat cleavers, and as a result cannot straighten his two middle fingers.