Candidates scrutinised INFOGRAPHIC Just one of the 70 party nominees for prime minister has been rejected, begging the question about the fate of the party that nominated her. update
12 Feb 2019 at 00:50
Your photo of snowfish, looks like Chilean seabass.
Chilean sea bass is about Cdn$50 a pound in Toronto.
If and when I buy it, I steamed it with Chinese mushrooms, scallions and some ginger and soy sauce.
Lampang Calls for schools in Chiang Mai to close as haze crisis worsens national February 14, 2019 01:00
By THE NATION
WITH CHIANG MAI entering the global list for worst air pollution, calls are growing for schools and educational institutes in the northern province to close down temporarily for the sake of students.
“The Chiang Mai University [CMU], in particular, should suspend its classes until the situation improves. Not only will this save students, but it will also raise public awareness of the severity of smog,” the Legal Research and Development Centre of CMU’s Faculty of Laws said in a statement yesterday.
The statement was released after AirVisual, an internationally recognised platform for air-quality data, ranked Chiang Mai as the world’s third-most polluted city on Tuesday afternoon. The sky in Chiang Mai has been of brownish hue for several days now.
The Pollution Control Department (PCD) reported yesterday that the level of PM2.5 – airborne particulates of 2.5 microns or less in diameter – in Chiang Mai’s Muang district hovered at around 85-94 micrograms per cubic metre of air, well above the 50mcg safe limit. PM10 was at 114mcg to 123mcg, exceeding the 100mcg safe limit, and the Air Quality Index (AQI) ranged between 188mcg and 203mcg, double the 100mcg safety threshold.
CMU’s Legal Research and Development Centre said that in the face of such serious air pollution, government agencies should start handing out free protective masks to people.
The centre added that relevant authorities in Chiang Mai should also urgently draw up tangible long-term solutions for smog – which has been affecting the province for over a decade now.
“If those in power do not take action or show any responsibility, they should be transferred,” the centre declared.
Meanwhile, PCD said the amount of small dust particles in the North was very high yesterday mainly due to forest fires. There have been more than 1,000 hotspots in the North this past week.
Though haze in the northern province of Phrae appeared to have eased yesterday, it was still at a worrying level with PM2.5 per cubic metre of air recorded at 68mcg and its AQI at 141, down from 130mcg and 240 respectively. The haze was so bad on Tuesday that one aircraft was not able to land at Phrae Airport.
Smog also enveloped the nearby province of Nan for three consecutive days, as locals rushed to burn agricultural fires before authorities imposed a ban in their area.
In nearby Lampang, the smog was so bad that authorities vowed tough action against those lighting outdoor fires.
A strict ban has been imposed on outdoor fires in Lampang province from February 10 to April 10. In Nan, Phrae, Phayao and Chiang Rai provinces, the ban will run from tomorrow until April 15. As for Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Mae Hong Son and Tak, the ban will run from March to April.
After about 10 days of respite, Bangkok and its adjacent provinces saw a return of the smog crisis yesterday.
Of the 43 areas where air-quality monitoring devices have been placed, 28 were found to have gone past the PM2.5 safe limit as of 3pm yesterday.
In the morning there were just two areas with unsafe levels of PM2.5, but by noon yesterday, the number of areas with unsafe levels of PM2.5 had risen to 14.
Smog returns to Bangkok national February 13, 2019 19:06
By The Nation
2,292 Viewed Smog returned to most parts of the Greater Bangkok on Wednesday afternoon.
After about 10 days of respite, the amount of PM2.5 or particulates of 2.5 micron in diameter or less started soaring past safe limits again in the capital and its adjacent provinces.
Out of 43 areas where air-quality monitoring devices are available, 28 found the PM2.5 amount went past the safe limit at 3pm on Wednesday.
The World Health Organisation has described PM2.5 as carcinogenic. According to Thailand’s Pollution Control Department, the amount of PM2.5 should not go beyond 50 micrograms per cubic metre of air.
In Bangkok’s Charoenkrung-Bang Kho Laem area, the amount of PM2.5 stood at 46 as of 9am on Wednesday. The amount then soared to 58 by noon and 64 by 3pm.
Air pollution looks set to continue in the Greater Bangkok on Thursday.
Lao Dtom Lao, which is loosely translated as "Laos people cooking Laos food" is the newest venture of Chakkrapatipong restaurateur-chef Joke Pairomahakij.
Operating out of the same space that used to house the now-closed Hazel's ice cream parlour and fine drinks, the shophouse has undergone a complete makeover and bears zero resemblance to Hazel's. With four tables, its cosy interior puts traditional Laotian fare in the spotlight, coupled with traditional music.
As the story goes, head chef Dayvith "Daeng" Chanthavongsa is Laotian and used to have a small stall, which chef Joke frequented often. When he decided to shut shop, the two got into business and LDL was born.
The menu is conceived by chef Daeng, who wants to bring "proper Laotian food to Thailand. This is the food I ate while growing up and it is different to Northeastern Thai food. There are a few ingredients that make the cuisines differ from each other.
"Isan food has khao kua, which is toasted rice powder made from toasting the rice in a pan. In Laos, we have khao buea, which is rice soaked in water to ferment it. It is dried and then toasted," says the chef, giving an example of the difference in the two cuisines.
To make it easy for customers, the menu is broken into Spicy salads, Curry soup, Clear spicy soup, Veggies and dips, Chargrilled and fried, Spicy salad with roasted rice, One dish meals and Dessert.
As is done in this part of the world, place an order for a bunch of things and enjoy them all together -- a little bit of this and a little bit of that. I order the Grilled beef (B140) and Grilled pork sausages (B120). Chef Daeng makes the sausages himself, from scratch, and has perfected the recipe over the years. The beef and pork are marinated in the crying tiger or sua rong hai-style and then turned into sausages. Served with skewers of roasted pineapple and burnt green chilli, the crying tiger sausages are a tasty delight and go well with nam jim jaew-Laos style. The sauce is made with tamarind, chilli, palm sugar and a low quality fish sauce mixed with water, so the aroma isn't pungent.
I have never had the Fresh pepper chicken with spicy dressing salad (B90) anywhere else and it is quite unique to LDL. Shredded chicken is mixed with black and green peppers, onions and beetle nut leaves. Served with fresh chilli slices and sprigs of green peppers, it stands out from the others.
No matter how I may despise duck face, I am a sucker for Fried duck beak (B140), so naturally when I see it on a menu, I order it. A tad disappointing, as I have had better elsewhere. Since this is a rather dry dish, I washed it down with LDL's signature cocktail curated by Seven Spoons' talented bartender and LDL's co-owner Joey Keen. The Garden (B250), a heady mix of Isan rum, peach honey syrup, grapefruit bitters and Thai basil wets the mouth rather nicely.
If you're in a rush or are a solo dinner and need one spectacular dish, order the Rice noodles with duck curry (B160) or locally known as khanom jeen nam ya phed. This is one of those dishes you first eat with your eyes and then your palate. It has barely made its way to the table and I am salivating in anticipation. Served with sugar, a wedge of lime, dried red chillies and fresh vegetables, for those of you who can't handle the heat. Though not a fan of nam ya, I enjoyed this dish immensely.
A must-try is the Duck coconut soup (B160), which may look like a tom kha gai, but with duck. However, the duck brings an interesting flavour to the soup. I am not a major fan of coconut milk, but this, honey, this I could eat the entire bowl by myself.
The Papaya salad with dried fish (B110) is an acquired taste. The papaya resembles thick flat pasta rather than the shredded variety that is popular in Thailand. Also I noticed that makok or Laos olives are added, which gives it a different taste compared to the normal som tam you get at street stalls. If this is a tad spicy for you, try the Spicy cooler (B250) a mix of Mekhong rum, ginger, kaffir lime leaves, Angostura bitters and lime.
I am saving the best for the last and it is the Yum khao piak or Laos noodles salad with dried fish (B90). The noodles are imported from Laos and are thinner than Vietnamese noodles but thicker and stickier than the Thai khanom jeen. The noodles are mixed with fried onions, peanuts, a hint of pla ra and makok and will have you wanting more.
Since there is only one dessert as of now, it is best to give it a shot. Who can go wrong with Steamed sweetcorn wrapped in corn leaf (B90)? Khao dome sa lee is sliced corn, mixed with sticky rice, tapioca pearls or sago, coconut milk and sugar. It is then put into the corn leaves and steamed until set. Insider's Tip
It wouldn't be a Laotian restaurant if no Beer Laos dark (B120) was served, and it is on the menu along with the usual suspects -- Fresh sugarcane and rosella juices (B60).
Full disclosure: It is common knowledge that I used to be chef Joke's business partner at Seven Spoons, having exited the partnership in January 2017. This is an unbiased review. Value and Verdict
When chef Dayvith was about to shut his original restaurant, chef Joke ordered a bunch of different dishes and froze them to enjoy later. If this isn't indication enough that you need to get to Bangkok's Old Town now, I don't know what is. So worth the trek, much like Seven Spoons. Lao Dtom Lao 171 Chakkrapatipong Road
Wat Sommanat, Bangkok
Monday to Saturday 5-10.30pm
Scorching summer coming, experts warn big read February 18, 2019 01:00
By PRATCH RUJIVANAROM
Fifty per cent chance this year could be the second hottest ever.
PEOPLE MUST brace for extreme heat in the days to come, as an extraordinarily hot and arid summer has been forecast for Thailand from Thursday, while seven provinces in the North and the West are expected to experience extreme heat at 40-44 degrees Celsius.
The entire planet will see warmer-than-usual climate this year, the world’s leading climate scientists have warned. They said if the global temperature kept rising, there was a 50 per cent chance that the global average temperature in 2019 will break the previous year’s record and become the second hottest year ever in history.
Due to the forecast for scorching heat in Thailand this summer, the Disease Control Department’s Occupational and Environmental Diseases Bureau director, Dr Chantana Padungtod, has urged people to be more cautious about exposure to the heat for too long and to keep hydrated so as to avoid a heat stroke.
“Outdoor labourers are among the groups facing the greatest risk of heat-related sicknesses, as many of them, such as construction workers or conscripts, have to undertake hard physical labour for long hours under the hot sun. Employers should consider the health and well-being of their workers by shortening their working hours during hot days,” Chantana suggested.
“The elderly are also vulnerable to being affected by the heat wave, especially those who live alone in condos, because most high-rise residences lack air flow and can be dangerously hot during daytime. Family members or their guardians should not leave the seniors alone,” she suggested.
She also urged people to always eat clean food and maintain a hygienic way of life in order to prevent diarrhoea and other illnesses, which are common infectious diseases during the summer.
Meteorological Department director-general Phuwieng Prakhammintara told a press conference in Pattaya on Saturday that summer will officially begin in Thailand on February 21, and the climate in every part of the country would become very hot and arid during the following months until the rainy season arrives in May.
Phuwieng warned that people in the upper part of Thailand would have to endure unusually hot weather in March and April this year, as the temperature could soar to over 40 degrees Celsius for several days, which would be hotter than last year’s around 1-2 degrees Celsius.
He further noted that Mae Hong Son, Lampang, Uttaradit, Sukhothai, Tak, Nakhon Sawan, and Kanchanaburi will face extreme heat up to 44 degrees Celsius during the height of summer.
However, he said it was unlikely that the temperature this year would break Thailand’s all-time record of 44.6 degrees Celsius, measured at Mae Hong Son on April 28, 2016.
Earlier this month, the Meteorological Department’s Climatological Centre forecast that the average maximum temperature this summer in the upper part of the country could reach 35 to 37 degrees Celsius, which would be higher than both the long-term mean temperature during this time of the year of 35.3 degrees and the previous year’s 34.2 degrees Celsius.
“While we expect temperature levels higher than usual in every part of the country this year, people should be cautious about water shortages too, as precipitation during this summer is also expected to be lower than average, so we should use water wisely during the summer months,” Phuwieng said.
He also cautioned people to beware of the danger to lives and property from intense summer storms, wild fires and tropical cyclones in the Andaman Sea.
According to the temperature record during this winter, it was found that the country was warmer than average, especially in the Central Region and the Bangkok metropolitan area, which experienced only a few cold days.
The temperature record with the Meteorological Department during last December shows that Bangkok experienced 22 days of very hot weather of 32 degrees Celsius, which is even higher than this month’s maximum temperature mean. There were 11 days in January when the days were extraordinarily hotter than average.
The Climatological Centre explained that the unusual climate pattern in Thailand and the Asia Pacific region during this summer was partly a result of the influence from the active El Nino in the Pacific Ocean, which contributed to hotter and drier
climate on the western part of the Pacific.
Climate change was also responsible for extreme weather patterns this summer, according to an academic observation about global warming trends in 2018. Berkeley Earth, a California-based non-profit research organisation, disclosed that Thailand’s annual temperature mean increased by 0.7 degrees Celsius compared to the mean temperature of the 19th century.
On the global level, US space agency Nasa and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced earlier this month that 2018 was the fourth warmest year since 1880.
According to scientists at Nasa’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York, the earth’s surface mean temperature in 2018 was 0.83 degrees Celsius warmer than the 1951-to-1980 mean.
GISS director Gavin Schmidt said that the global temperature in 2018 ranks only behind those of 2016, 2017 and 2015, so the past five years were, collectively, the warmest years in modern records.
Schmidt stressed that the worrisome warming had been driven in large part by increased emissions into the atmosphere of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases caused by human activities.
“The impacts of long-term global warming are already being felt – in coastal flooding, heat waves, intense precipitation and ecosystem change,” he warned.
The NOAA also revealed that it had detected the highest-ever atmospheric carbon concentration level of 414.27 parts per million at the Mauna Loa Observatory last Monday.
The global temperature is expected to further rise this year and could eventually make 2019 the second hottest year ever, climate change analysis by Berkeley Earth predicted.
“At present it appears that there is roughly a 50 per cent likelihood that 2019 will become the second warmest year since 1850,” the analysis noted.