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PLA official confirmed Heavy Strategic Bomber H-20 to beat B-2B

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#41
And of course, to send missiles be it cruise anti ship or anti base or WU 14, China must control space.
So your choice to think this US of A General fucking paranoid kiasu or that he saw what is coming.
Is he going to risk his stars by talking cock and talking shit as seen so many times by our maggots in white and paper generals ?

'China is working on building a navy in space': Air Force general says US has fallen 40 YEARS behind communist nation in the space race and needs a ‘Kitty Hawk’ moment to catch up
  • US Air Force general Steve Kwast said China is ahead in space advancement
  • He said in a statement: 'China is on a 10-year journey to operationalize space. We're on a 50-year journey'
  • Two years ago, Chinese officials announced plans for their new 'Space Force'
  • It's purpose is to strengthen China's military presence in low-Earth orbit
  • The country has also constructed cutting-edge anti-satellite weapons
  • Kwast said the US must follow the path and 'bring together the right talent to accelerate the journey'
  • He added that the main priority should be on public-private partnerships
By JESSA SCHROEDER FOR DAILYMAIL.COM

PUBLISHED: 07:01 GMT, 12 November 2017 | UPDATED: 13:27 GMT, 12 November 2017


+7
US Air Force general Steve Kwast (shown in his official portrait) said China is ahead in space advancement

United States Air Force general Steve Kwast believes the country may be losing it's longtime lead in space advancement.

Kwast, the commander and president of Air University at the Maxwell Air Force Base in Alabama, said the states are falling behind China almost two years after its officials announced their cutting-edge 'Space Force' plan.

While speaking with CNBC this week, Kwast said: 'In my best military judgement, China on a 10-year journey to operationalize space. We're on a 50-year journey.'

Chinese military affairs specialist, Rick Fisher, confirmed the force would be created within the People's Liberation Army.

It's purpose is to strengthen China's military presence in low-Earth orbit, Fisher revealed to The Washington Times back December 2015.



+7
China's Long March rocket carrying the manned spacecraft Shenzhou-11 is seen at the launch center in Jiuquan, China, October 10, 2016



+7
China on June 15, 2017 successfully launched its first X-ray space telescope, named Insight, to study black holes, pulsars and gamma-ray bursts, state media reported



+7
Fish eye view shows China's Long March rocket carrying the manned spacecraft Shenzhou-11 at the launch centre in Jiuquan, China, October 10, 2016

China has also been working to construct more anti-satellite weapons, while a model showing the latest hypersonic glide vehicle was revealed earlier this week.

Estimates say the missile delivery craft could move at up to 'ten times the speed of sound' (7,680 mph/12,360 kph).

Kwast told CNBC the US must follow the path and 'bring together the right talent to accelerate the journey.'

He said he hopes for a 'Kitty Hawk' moment - and accomplish a breakthrough development similar to the Wright Brothers in 1903.



+7
Maj. Gen. Steven L. Kwast, stands in his office on Maxwell Air Force Base March 13. Kwast said 'China is on a 10-year journey to operationalize space' and the United States is 'on a 50-year journey'



+7
Pictured: At Bagram Airfield, Brian Williams speaks with Steven Kwast, Brigadier general with U.S. Air Force, about the tempo of the battle in Afghanistan. Kwast believes a 'Kitty Hawk' moment will begin a new era in space

'We could be on a five year journey, because it's all about how aggressively we are going about this journey,' the commander added.

He further discussed the seemingly 'impossible' regulations entrepreneurs face amid the process.

'You have to detail everything in your suitcase – each item's material, manufacturer, weight and more – the government takes a year to go through it and then tells you what you can and can't take.

'If you have to update your request, then you have to start all over,' Kwast said.



+7
China unveils its J-20 stealth fighter during an air show in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China, November 1, 2016

'You need technological innovations to reassure Congress that this is safe and effective, as the FAA cannot do this unilaterally.

'Low-cost access to space is the first domino to making this possible.'

In Kwast's list of recommendations earlier this year to the Air Force's U.S. Space Command titled 'Fast Space', he notes the nation's main focus should be on public-private partnerships.


'I think the balance between public and private is reasonable right now but we're still not doing enough, and we're not aggressive enough,' he said.
 
#42
With Beitou 3, you can tell not only the cheebye.
You can tell where the clitoris is and the left labia minora from the right labia minora.
And if you the kind to like backside hole, can even center your entry point.

And do that root canal job on the USA Admiral as well

Beidou3 accuracy is not yet that good unless you were talking about big big cunt so Tua Kang one, super Lar Ko Pi one!
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#43
Beidou3 accuracy is not yet that good unless you were talking about big big cunt so Tua Kang one, super Lar Ko Pi one!

Beidou 3 accuracy is measured by the millimeter.
As so said in earlier report. If you do not like that report, please take it up
with the writer directly. I am the messenger cum Ctrl-C-V artist and I did not write that report.

China's military is updating its satellite navigation system, launching tech that'll offer super accurate guidance for munitions and drones.

On Sept. 29, China launched two Beidou 3 satellites from a Long March 3C rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan province. Another two Beidou 3 satellites will launch before the end of 2017, part of a network of 20 Beidou 3 and 10 older Beidou 2 satellites set to go up by 2020.

Civilian GPS receivers generally achieve higher accuracy by combining signals of several satellites, and indeed the completed Beidou Navigation Satellite System is expected to provide global coverage, with millimeter-level accuracy.


Also from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BeiDou_Navigation_Satellite_System

BeiDou has been described as a potential navigation satellite system to overtake GPS in global usage, and is expected to be more accurate than the GPS once it is fully completed. The current third generation of BeiDou claims to reach millimeter-level accuracy (with post-processing), which is ten times more accurate than the finest level of GPS.

So the average cunt can be told if it is the left or right labia minora, no need a big big cunt.

But not with your Alibaba bought GPS as that is public civilian GPS where the signals will be downgraded likely to accuracy by the meter, and you then will need a very big big cunt!

The Beidou 2/Compass navigation satellites will have 35 satellites once completed, with 5 in geosynchronous orbit, and 30 in middle earth orbit.

China Academy of Space Technology, via Escobar on Sinodefence Forum

The system will also likely have new, jam-proof chips. Allystar Technology has unveiled a computer chip for use in Beidou receivers, providing instant accuracy without the aid of augmentation by ground control stations. This computer chip's ability to enhance satellite navigation signals could enable military Beidou users to withstand enemy attempts to jam satellite navigation.

The Beidou 3 satellite navigation service is expected to be available only to Chinese military and national security users for the foreseeable future. The updates could be particularly useful for Chinese unmanned systems (like small quadcopter drones) as well as long-range cruise missiles.


The very accurate measurement by millimeter will not be open to you unless you are a Chinese cruise missile or military plane , or drone , or a WU 14.
The Amercian Navstar GPS operate very much the same way that China will follow. Usage by civilian will be curtailed to much lower accuracy than for USA military. And I guess in time of war, everyone be cut off but the USA military . Which is why it is imperative for China to have their Beidou system

Those interested can read some of that here.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Positioning_System
 

Rule of MOB

Alfrescian
Loyal
#44
What is this? 1 inch AMR?

PLA said they will use this to take out Indian mountain hole fire bases from where the Indian weapons are unable to reach. This must be damn long range.

 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#45
What is this? 1 inch AMR?

PLA said they will use this to take out Indian mountain hole fire bases from where the Indian weapons are unable to reach. This must be damn long range.


The Chinese Type 85 heavy machine gun, firing .50 calibre or 12.7mm
Not good to be hit by this.

Similar to M2 Browning




 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#48
Thanks for the info. :smile:

Wah Lan! PLA want to Piak Ah Neh using that.

My pleasure.



This photo was at the border of Eritrea . China much involved in arming the Middle East if you remember the Abrams taken out by their rocket.
So Chinese armaments seen lots of uses.

Kelingkia ask for it.
Kelingkia will get what they fucking deserved.
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#50
The next Chinese carrier will be even more advanced than USA carriers.
Chink develope a system using direct current even more advanced than the EMALS system USA trying now to make it work.
No more talk of Chink copying USA!
Chink will be using electromagnetic jet launching system while USA still using steam catapult.

Angmoh dua dua kee lampek orledi
Chink dua dua kee and tumescent

So anymore talk cock about
Then take out China little by little. First thing first, the SCS... island chain around it. Enforce a no fly zone for ship and aeroplane.
Plot the downfall of Yuan.

What's the point of having a longer range that the US bombers when it is clear that the chinks' bombers will be shot down before they fly past Taiwan or Japan?


:biggrin::biggrin::biggrin:

Kong langjeow wei

:biggrin::biggrin::biggrin:




China's making major progress with its aircraft carrier tech


Say hello to China's first catapult-equipped carrier.

By Jeffrey Lin and P.W. Singer August 16, 2017










TYPE 002 CARRIER

This fan-made computer-generated image of the Type 002 by artist Nishikasaizoukan shows the craft's key features like catapults, J-15B fighters, and fixed-wing airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft.

Xigexi



Though China launched its much-ballyhooed Type 001A aircraft carrier just a few months ago, the People's Liberation Army Navy is hardly resting on its laurels, instead making steady progress on technology for its second home-built carrier, the Type 002.

The Type 002 carrier, development for which is slated to wrap in 2020 or 2021, will be a 70,000-ton aircraft carrier with catapults designed to launch heavier aircraft.






CGT-60F

The CGT-60F, seen here as a subscale model, is a class F turbine that can be used on warships like the Type 002 aircraft carrier.

WeChat



And giant catapults aren't the only new tech in development. Pictured above, the CGT-60F is a heavy duty, F-class gas turbine (which typically have a power output of 170-230 megawatts) designed by Tsinghua University's Gas Turbine Research Center with the Dongfang Electric Group and Shanghai Electric Group. It's completely domestic design that exceeded expectations for cooling and temperature distribution—vital factors for large turbines. As such, the state-run China Daily suggested that the CGT-60F would be a suitable candidate to power a large warship, such as an aircraft carrier.




TYPE 002 WUHAN

The carrier mockup at Wuhan, used for testing shipboard electronic systems like radars and comms, has been modified with multiple AESA radars.

Da Feng Cao



Additionally, the aircraft carrier mockup at Wuhan (which also hosted the electromagnetic test rig for the Type 055 destroyer) is modifying its island to include new electronic systems.





Previously modeled after the Liaoning's older island, the changes include the installation of an additional bridge deck, and new, flat paneled Type 346x series AESA radars—just like the Type 001A carrier, but with smaller AESA radars above the Type 346s.

The Type 002's island would likely have a similar multi-paneled radar system found on the Type 055 DDG's integrated mast. Those smaller AESA radars could be used for targeting and fire control, allowing the Type 002 to datalink with missiles launched from aircraft and other ships, extending their range.



J-15B

The J-15B, seen on a catapult prior to launch at the Huangdicun naval air base in Liaoning. The Huangdicun base is testing both steam and EMALS catapults for installation on the Type 002 aircraft carrier.

Chinese Internet



China has also continued catapult testing at the Huangdicun. Obsessives may recall that earlier this summer, China launched the catapult-capable J-15T from the land-based electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS), as well as debuted new steam catapults.

By putting both the J-15T and catapult through extensive testing, the pilots and aircrew of the Type 002 carrier will be able to move quickly toward complex operations when launched. What's more, a J-15 (serial number "111") was spotted in early July 2017 with a inflight refueling pod, slung under the fuselage centerline, between the engine nacelles. This kind of refueling would expand the range and flight times of current fighters.




GYRFALCON

The Shenyang "Gyrfalcon" J-31 stealth fighter, China's second stealth fighter program, is reported to have a possible carrier capable configuration, with folding wings and reinforced landing gear.

O+Nil



Additionally, the second prototype J-31 stealth fighter has made additional flights this summer, the most recent on July 25. This burst of activity gives credence to reports that Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, the J-31's builders, is planning to create a third J-31 prototype with the capability to operate on catapult-equipped aircraft carriers.





The J-31, while smaller than the J-20 stealth fighter, has improved stealth and avionics capability on its second prototype. Plus, production versions are planned to be equipped with faster WS-17 engines, which could allow for supersonic flight without fuel-thirsty afterburners. Those putative J-31 fighters could prove to be stiff competitors in air combat with F-35C fighters of the U.S. Navy.




TYPE 003

This display at the Military Museum of the Chinese People's Revolution looks even further into the future. Here you can spot speculative features like catapults, J-20 fighters, and stealthy unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAVs). The nuclear-powered Type 003 supercarrier likely won't enter service until after 2030.

Oedo Soldier



Looking beyond the Type 002, the Type 003 aircraft carrier could be a true supercarrier, with nuclear power and a 90,000-ton displacement. If official displays in China's military museum are any indication, the Type 003 would come with futuristic aircraft like stealthy drone bombers and sixth-generation fighters. It could also have enough electricity to power Chinese lasers and railguns currently under development.

==============================================================================================================================================================

Technology breakthrough will let China’s aircraft carrier use electromagnetic jet launching system


Technology breakthrough will let China’s aircraft carrier use electromagnetic jet launching system
brian wang | November 4, 2017 |

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A technological breakthrough in naval propulsion will enable China’s second home-grown aircraft carrier to use the world’s most advanced jet launch system without having to resort to nuclear power, overcoming a huge hurdle in the vessel’s development.

The development of the integrated propulsion system (IPS) would allow the vessel to be more efficient, allowing more power for an electromagnetic catapult, rather than a less technologically advanced steam-driven catapult launch system, the sources said.

China’s first two carriers, the Liaoning and its sister ship, the Type 001A, are conventionally powered vessels equipped with Soviet-designed ski-jump launch systems.

But an electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS) on the Type 002, China’s second home-grown aircraft carrier, would mean less wear and tear on the planes and allow more aircraft to be launched in a shorter time than the ski and steam-catapult systems.

China’s top naval engineer Rear Admiral Ma Weiming developed a medium-voltage, direct-current transmission network to replace an earlier system based on alternating current.

The development of the Type 002, which had long been delayed, would get under way “soon”.

Wang Ping, an expert in military technology at the Institute of Electrical Engineering under the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, said the innovative design meant that high-energy consuming launch systems and weapons could now be used on a vessel driven by conventional power.

It was a complete overhaul of the energy supply and distribution system. The same technology could be used to launch not just aircraft, but also missiles and satellites, and maybe even power high-speed trains.

The US electromagnetic launcher has been a source of technical problems and delays for the Gerald ford supercarrier.

A new electromagnetic launch system for aircraft carriers that has faltered when attempting to launch heavier planes is now sound thanks to a software fix, Navy officials announced this week. However, it won’t reach the Navy’s new carrier for more than a year (2019).

The Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, or EMALS, is one of several brand-new technologies installed aboard the first-of-class supercarrier Gerald R. Ford, which was commissioned July 22.

The system has drawn the ire of President Donald Trump, who said in a memorable May 11 interview with Time Magazine that he wanted the Navy to return to “goddamned steam” for its carrier catapults, as the new “digital” technology was unreliable and inexpensive.

==================================================

China’s New Aircraft Carrier to Use Advanced Jet Launch System
A purported technological breakthrough has increased the chances that China’s new carrier will feature electromagnetic catapults.


By Franz-Stefan Gady
November 06, 2017


The People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN) next-generation aircraft carrier, designated Type 002, will likely be fitted with an advanced electromagnetic catapult system for launching aircraft, according to Chinese military experts.

Chinese engineers have allegedly successfully developed a new integrated propulsion system (IPS)–“a medium-voltage, direct-current transmission network”—which would allow more power for a catapult assisted take-off but arrested recovery (CATOBAR) aircraft launch system similar to the U.S. Navy’s electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS) without having to resort to nuclear power, the South China Morning Post (SCMP)reported on November 1.

A PLAN aircraft carrier equipped with EMALS would substantially boost the PLANs carrier force’s combat power. “CATOBAR aircraft launch systems put less strain on the airframe of planes during takeoff reducing maintenance cost in the long run and also allows carrier-based aircraft to carry a heavier weapons payload,” I explained elsewhere. “Furthermore, CATOBAR launch systems increase the sortie rates of carrier air wings by allowing a faster landing and takeoff rate.”

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Among other things, it would allow the PLAN to launch including aerial tankers, airborne early warning aircraft, anti-submarine warfare (ASW) planes, and transport aircraft from the carrier’s deck.

The Type 002 could become the first non-Western carrier to be equipped with a CATOBAR aircraft launch system. (The Indian Navy’s new aircraft carrier, the 65,000-ton supercarrier INS Vishal, will also likely feature CATOBAR technology. However, the carrier construction program has been hampered by delays and it is likely that the Type 002 will be commissioned before the INS Vishal.) The PLAN has reportedly been evaluating CATOBAR systems, one steam and the other electromagnetic, at the Xincheng Aircraft Training Center.

The PLA has run “hundreds of tests” using the EMALS with Shenyang J-15 multirole fighter jets, a variant of the fourth-generation Sukhoi Su-33 twin-engines air superiority fighter, Yin Zhuo, a senior researcher at the PLA Naval Equipment Research Center, said in an interview with China Central Television on November 3.

According to PLA naval expert, senior Chinese military is keen to use the new IPS for the carrier. “China doesn’t need to copy the United States and use nuclear reactors to support EMALS and other energy-hungry weapons on the ship, because it now has more advanced technologies to solve the problem,” the expert claims.

“China now has mature technologies … [and] the PLA is narrowing the gap with the U.S.,” he added. The PLAN’s top naval engineer Rear Admiral Ma Weiming, claims that the Chinese EMALS variant will be superior to U.S. technology. The U.S. Navy’s next-generation of aircraft carriers, the nuclear-powered Gerald R. Ford-class, is slated to be equipped with EMALS, despite objections to its installation by U.S. President Donald Trump.

The new IPS would reportedly allow the Type 002 to be armed with high-energy consuming laser weapon systems and electromagnetic guns. The new carrier will purportedly have a displacement of around 85,000 tons. Construction of the carrier allegedly started already in February 2016.

 
#51
Unless the carrier is nuke powered which is deemed to have Lifetime unlimited power, then use electric catapult , and DON'T use steam at all. I will explain why.

The whole issue is to overcome the need of Long Runway to launch heavily loaded planes. There is the more generic solution in the video:



Why? Because it is COMPLETELY INDEPENDENT of other complex systems (which can fail especially after being attacked). Steam & Electrical Power can fail, especially steam take too many hours to start up and get ready for urgent uses. In a war, carriers can suffer missiles and torpedo strikes or shells or bombs, or anything, may be your own combat crippled planes crashed exploded on your carrier decks. Your steam pipes or boilers or catapult rails or electrical cables or generators or power bank batteries can be knocked out. Can you still launch heavily loaded planes quickly? Yes, fix as many solid fuel disposable rocket boosters on any planes as necessary, they will take off from short runways! Even as your carrier is half sunk, everything not working, you can still launch out planes, as long as you still have these small solid fuel disposable rocket boosters. And you can easily resupply these booster rocket stocks using helicopters from a supply ship or base or anywhere, one helicopter landing can supply hundreds of these rockets enough to launch ALL PLANES on your carrier.

That is why it must be implemented, as a MAIN or BACKUP or PARALLEL solution, and train pilots and crews to be skillful with this, and refit all carrier based fighters, bombers, attack, anti-sub, radar, AWAC, spy, drones, transport, etc fixed wing planes with rocket mounts. They can even help helicopters to take off faster with heavy loads.


These JATO videos show rockets only used after lift-off, but on carrier runways, you can use slightly longer duration rockets and ignite together with afterburner. The rocket can be composite materials same as those currently used by Kim Jong Nuke, and after lifting off, they are ejected into the sea automatically discarded.

 
#52
Further, by today's technology level it is absolutely possible to develop hybrid automated take-off and landing systems that works all weather. The system includes in-flight hardware and software and sensors and actuators as well as systems on the carrier. It is possible to be 100% accurate and faultless in even total darkness and bad weather. These will reduce accidental losses and cut cost and cut the long training periods for crews and pilots. American carriers are actually very primitive and manual in these areas, in comparison with Chinese who proved that their un-maned spacecraft can automatically and perfectly dock and disengage, to land and take-off automatically from carrier with more technically advanced and automated ways is surely possible and will beat USA hands down in no time.
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#53
Unless the carrier is nuke powered which is deemed to have Lifetime unlimited power, then use electric catapult , and DON'T use steam at all. I will explain why.

The whole issue is to overcome the need of Long Runway to launch heavily loaded planes. There is the more generic solution in the video:



Why? Because it is COMPLETELY INDEPENDENT of other complex systems (which can fail especially after being attacked). Steam & Electrical Power can fail, especially steam take too many hours to start up and get ready for urgent uses. In a war, carriers can suffer missiles and torpedo strikes or shells or bombs, or anything, may be your own combat crippled planes crashed exploded on your carrier decks. Your steam pipes or boilers or catapult rails or electrical cables or generators or power bank batteries can be knocked out. Can you still launch heavily loaded planes quickly? Yes, fix as many solid fuel disposable rocket boosters on any planes as necessary, they will take off from short runways! Even as your carrier is half sunk, everything not working, you can still launch out planes, as long as you still have these small solid fuel disposable rocket boosters. And you can easily resupply these booster rocket stocks using helicopters from a supply ship or base or anywhere, one helicopter landing can supply hundreds of these rockets enough to launch ALL PLANES on your carrier.

That is why it must be implemented, as a MAIN or BACKUP or PARALLEL solution, and train pilots and crews to be skillful with this, and refit all carrier based fighters, bombers, attack, anti-sub, radar, AWAC, spy, drones, transport, etc fixed wing planes with rocket mounts. They can even help helicopters to take off faster with heavy loads.


These JATO videos show rockets only used after lift-off, but on carrier runways, you can use slightly longer duration rockets and ignite together with afterburner. The rocket can be composite materials same as those currently used by Kim Jong Nuke, and after lifting off, they are ejected into the sea automatically discarded.


Folks reading this might find it amusing the man who invented the Jet Assisted Take Off strap on rockets is none other than Tsien Hsue Shen. Tsien was USA rocket expert during WW2. And invented JATO to help military planes take off in short runways. He founded Jet Propulsion Lab JPL , which is still top USA company in rockets. Then he was kicked out of USA on trump up charges he was communist when he was not. He went back to China and Silkworms and DongFeng rockets were borned. He was also instrumental in China A bomb and H bomb.



Meet the man, the creative genius and the catalyst behind the rockets from the Silkworm to the DongFangs and the China leap into space. And also of the China H bomb.


Qian Xuesen or Hsue-Shen Tsien (Chinese: 钱学森; 11 December 1911 – 31 October 2009) was a Chinese engineer who contributed to aerodynamics and rocket science. Recruited from MIT, he joined Theodore von Karman's group at Caltech, including the founding of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.[1] Later he returned to China as Qian Xuesen and made important contributions to China's missile and space program.

During the Second Red Scare in the 1950s, the United States government accused Tsien of communist sympathies. In 1950, despite protests by his colleagues, he was stripped of his security clearance.[2] Tsien decided to return to China, but was detained at Terminal Island near Los Angeles.[3]

After spending five years under virtual house arrest,[4] in 1955 Tsien was released in exchange for the repatriation of American pilots captured during the Korean War. He left the United States in September 1955 on the American President Lines passenger liner SS President Cleveland, arriving in China via Hong Kong.[5]

Upon his return, Tsien helped lead the Chinese nuclear weapons program. This effort ultimately led to China's first successful atomic bomb test and hydrogen bomb test, making China the fifth nuclear weapons state, and achieving the fastest fission-to-fusion development in history. Additionally, Qian's work led to the development of the Dongfeng ballistic missile and the Chinese space program. For his contributions, he became known as the "Father of Chinese Rocketry", nicknamed the "King of Rocketry".[6][7]

In 1957, in recognition of his achievements, Qian was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences .

Tsien was the cousin of mechanical engineer Hsue-Chu Tsien, who was involved in the aerospace industries of China and the United States; his nephew is Roger Y. Tsien, the 2008 winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Named after him are Asteroid 3763 Qianxuesen and the ill-fated space ship Tsien in the science fiction novel 2010: Odyssey Two.

Early life and education[edit]
Qian Xuesen was born in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, 180 km southwest of Shanghai. He left Hangzhou at the age of three when his father obtained a post in the Ministry of Education in Beijing. Qian graduated from The High School Affiliated to Beijing Normal University and attended Chiao Tung University, later known as Jiao Tong University, in Shanghai in 1934. There, he received a degree in mechanical engineering with an emphasis on railroad administration. He interned at Nanchang Air Force Base.

In August 1935, Qian left China on a Boxer Indemnity Scholarship to study mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he earned a Master of Science degree after one year.

While at MIT he was called Hsue-Shen Tsien. He was influenced by the methods of American engineering education, especially its focus on experimentation. This was in contrast to the contemporary approach practiced by many Chinese scientists, which emphasized theoretical elements rather than "hands-on" experience. Tsien's experiments included plotting of pitot pressures using mercury-filled manometers.

Theodore von Kármán, Tsien's doctoral advisor, described their first meeting:

“ One day in 1936 he came to me for advice on further graduate studies. This was our first meeting. I looked up to observe a slight short young man, with a serious look, who answered my questions with unusual precision. I was immediately impressed with the keenness and quickness of his mind, and I suggested that he enroll at Caltech for advanced study ... Tsien agreed. He worked with me on many mathematical problems. I found him to be quiet imaginative, with a mathematical aptitude that he combined successfully with a great ability to visualize accurately the physical picture of natural phenomena. Even as a young student he helped clear up some of my own ideas on several difficult topics. These are gifts which I had not often encountered and Tsien and I became close colleagues.[8]:309 ”
Kármán made his home a social scene for the aerodynamicists of Pasadena, and Tsien was drawn in: "Tsien enjoyed visiting my home, and my sister took to him because of his interesting ideas and straightforward manner."

Career in the United States[edit]

Left to right: Ludwig Prandtl (German scientist),Hsue-Shen Tsien, Theodore von Kármán. Prandtl served Germany during World War II; von Kármán and Tsien served the United States; after 1956, Tsien served China. Tsien's overseas cap displays his temporary U.S. Army rank of colonel. Interestingly, Prandtl was von Kármán's doctoral adviser; von Kármán in turn was Tsien's.
Shortly after arriving at Caltech in 1936, Tsien became fascinated with the rocketry ideas of Frank Malina, other students of von Kármán, and their associates, including Jack Parsons. Along with his fellow students, he was involved in rocket-related experiments at the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at Caltech. Around the university, the dangerous and explosive nature of their work earned them the nickname "Suicide Squad."[9][10]

In 1943, Tsien and two other members of their rocketry group drafted the first document to use the name Jet Propulsion Laboratory, originally a proposal to the Army for developing missiles in response to Germany's V-2 rocket. This led to Private A, which flew in 1944, and later the Corporal, the WAC Corporal, and other designs.

Tsien’s willingness for public service was described by von Kármán:

“ I was pleased to take him along with me to Germany toward the war’s end to look into Hitler’s secret technical developments. With Drs. Hugh Dryden and Frank Wattendorf, Tsien inspected the famous Kochel and Otztal wind tunnels, which were to influence Wattendorf into suggesting similar equipment in the United States and give rise to Arnold Engineering Center in Tullahoma. He was with me at Gottingen when I found myself in the position of interrogating my old teacher Ludwig Prandtl. What a strange meeting: my most brilliant student, who was to join Red China, together with my own great teacher, who worked for Nazi Germany. How odd of circumstance to separate three aerodynamicists who wanted nothing more in life than to work together in harmony.[8]:309,10 ”
Von Kármán wrote of Tsien, "At the age of 36, he was an undisputed genius whose work was providing an enormous impetus to advances in high-speed aerodynamics and jet propulsion."[11] Furthermore, the American journal Aviation Week & Space Technology named Qian its Person of the Year in 2007, and commented on his interrogation of von Braun, "No one then knew that the father of the future U.S. space program was being quizzed by the father of the future Chinese space program."[12]

During this time, he also worked on designing an intercontinental space plane. His work would inspire the X-20 Dyna-Soar, which itself would later influence the development of the American Space Shuttle.

Tsien married Jiang Ying (蒋英), a famed opera singer and the daughter of Jiang Baili (蒋百里) and his wife, Japanese nurse Satô Yato. The elder Jiang was a military strategist and adviser to Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek. The Tsiens were married on September 14, 1947[13] in Shanghai, and had two children; their son Qian Yonggang was born in Boston on October 13, 1948,[14] while their daughter Qian Yungjen was born in early 1950[15]when the family was residing in Pasadena, California.

Shortly after his wedding, Tsien returned to America to take up a teaching position at MIT. Jiang Ying would join him in December 1947.[16] In 1949, with the recommendation of von Kármán, Tsien became Robert H. Goddard Professor of Jet Propulsion at Caltech.[9]

In 1947 Tsien was granted a permanent resident permit,[5] and in 1949 he applied for naturalization, although he could not obtain citizenship.[2] Years later, his wife Jiang Ying said in an interview with Phoenix Television that Tsien could not raise the necessary funds.[17]

Detention[edit]
By the early 1940s, US Army Intelligence was already aware of allegations that Tsien was a Communist, but his security clearance was not suspended.[18] However, on June 6, 1950 his security clearance was revoked and Tsien was questioned by the FBI. Two weeks later Tsien announced that he would be resigning from Caltech and returning to China, which by then was effectively governed by the Communist Party of China led by Mao Zedong.[4][19]

In August, Tsien had a conversation on the subject with the then Under Secretary of the Navy Dan A. Kimball, whom Tsien knew on a personal basis. After Tsien told him of the allegations, Kimball responded, "Hell, I don't think you're a Communist", at which point Tsien indicated that he still intended to leave the country, saying "I'm Chinese. I don't want to build weapons to kill my countrymen. It's that simple." Kimball then said, "I won't let you out of the country."[20]

After the firm in charge of arranging Tsien's move back to China tipped off U.S. Customs that some of the papers encountered among his possessions were marked "Secret" or "Confidential," U.S. officials seized them from a Pasadena warehouse. The U.S. Immigration and Nationalization Service issued a warrant for Tsien's arrest on August 25. Tsien claimed that the security-stamped documents were mostly written by himself and had outdated classifications, adding that, "There were some drawings and logarithm tables, etc., which someone might have mistaken for codes."[21] Included in the material was a scrapbook with news clippings about the trials of those charged with atomic espionage, such as Klaus Fuchs.[22] Subsequent examination of the documents showed they contained no classified material.[5]

While at Caltech, Tsien had secretly attended meetings with J. Robert Oppenheimer's brother Frank Oppenheimer, Jack Parsons, and Frank Malina that were organized by the Russian-born Jewish chemist Sidney Weinbaum and called Professional Unit 122 of the Pasadena Communist Party.[23] Weinbaum's trial commenced on August 30 and both Frank Oppenheimer and Parsons testified against him.[24] Weinbaum was convicted of perjury and sentenced to four years.[25] Tsien was taken into custody on September 6, 1950 for questioning[5] and for two weeks detained at Terminal Island, a low-security United States federal prison near the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.

When Tsien had returned from China with his new bride in 1947, he had answered "no" on an immigration questionnaire that asked if he ever had been a member of an organization advocating overthrow of the U.S. Government by force. This, together with an American Communist Party document from 1938 with Tsien's name on it, was used to argue that Tsien was a national security threat. Prosecutors also cited a cross-examination session where Tsien said, "I owe allegiance to the people of China" and would "certainly not" let the United States government make his decision for him as to whom he would owe allegiance to in the event of a conflict between the U.S. and communist China.

On April 26, 1951 Tsien was declared subject to deportation and forbidden from leaving Los Angeles County without permission, effectively placing him under house arrest.[20]

During this time Tsien wrote Engineering Cybernetics which was published by McGraw Hill in 1954. The book deals with the practice of stabilizing servomechanisms. In its 18 chapters it considers non-interacting controls of many-variable systems, control design by perturbation theory, and von Neumann’s theory of error control (chapter 18). Ezra Krendel reviewed[26] the book, stating that it is "difficult to overstate the value of Tsien's book to those interested in the overall theory of complex control systems." Evidently Tsien’s approach is primarily practical, as Kendel notes that for servomechanisms the "usual linear design criterion of stability is inadequate and other criteria arising from the physics of the problem must be used."

Return to China[edit]
Qian became the subject of five years of secret diplomacy and negotiation between the U.S. and China. During this time he lived under constant surveillance with the permission to teach without any classified research duties.[4] Qian received support from his colleagues at Caltech during his incarceration, including president Lee DuBridge, who flew to Washington to argue Qian's case. Caltech appointed attorney Grant Cooper to defend Qian.

The travel ban on Qian was lifted on 4 August 1955[5] and he resigned from Caltech shortly thereafter. Qian departed from Los Angeles aboard the SS President Cleveland in September 1955 amidst rumors that his release was a swap for 11 U.S. airmen held captive by China since the end of the Korean War.[27]

Under Secretary Kimball, who had tried for several years to keep Qian in the U.S., commented on his treatment:

"It was the stupidest thing this country ever did. He was no more a Communist than I was, and we forced him to go."[2]

Immediately upon his return, Qian began a remarkably successful career in rocket science, boosted by the reputation he garnered for his past achievements as well as Chinese state support for his nuclear research. He led and eventually became the father of the Chinese missile program, which constructed the Dongfeng ballistic missiles and the Long March space rockets.

Chinese nuclear program and other studies[edit]
In October 1956, he became the director of the Fifth Academy of the Ministry of National Defense, tasked with ballistic missile and nuclear weapons development. He was part of the overall effort that resulted in the successful "596" atomic bomb test on October 16, 1964, and the "Test No. 6" hydrogen bomb test on June 17, 1967. This was the fastest fission-to-fusion development in history at 32 months, compared to 86 months for the United States and 75 months for the USSR, and gave China a thermonuclear device ahead of major Western powers like France.

Qian's reputation as a prominent scientist who essentially defected from the United States to China gave him considerable influence in the era of Mao Zedong and afterward. Qian eventually rose through Party ranks to become a Central Committee member. He became associated with the China's Space Program - From Conception to Manned Spaceflight initiative.

Qian was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1957, a lifelong honor granted to Chinese scientists who have made significant advancements in their field. He organized scientific seminars and dedicated some of his time to training successors for his positions.[28]

Outside of rocketry, Qian had a presence in numerous areas of study. He was among the creators of systematics, and made contributions to science and technology systems[clarification needed], somatic science, engineering science, military science, social science, the natural sciences, geography, philosophy, literature and art, and education. His advancements in the concepts, theories, and methods of the system science field include studying the open complex giant system.[29][30] Additionally, he helped establish the Chinese school of complexity science.

From the 1980s onward, Qian had advocated the scientific investigation of traditional Chinese medicine, Qigong, and the concept of "special human body functions". He particularly encouraged scientists to accumulate observational data on qigong so that future scientific theories could be established.[31]

Later life[edit]
Qian retired in 1991 and lived quietly in Beijing, refusing to speak to Westerners.[32]

In 1979 Qian was awarded Caltech's Distinguished Alumni Award for his achievements. Qian eventually received his award from Caltech, and with the help of his friend Frank Marble brought it to his home in a widely covered ceremony. Furthermore, in the early 1990s, the filing cabinets containing Qian's research work were offered to him by Caltech. Most of these works became the foundation for the Qian Library at Xi'an Jiaotong University, while the rest went to the Institute of Mechanics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Qian was invited to visit the US by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics after the normalization of the Sino-US relationship, but he refused the invitation, having wanted a formal apology for his detention. In a reminiscence published in 2002, Marble stated that he believed Qian had “lost faith in the American government” but that he had “always had very warm feelings for the American people.”[33]

The Chinese government launched its manned space program in 1992, reportedly with some help from Russia due to their extended history in space. Qian's research was used as the basis for the Long March rocket, which successfully launched the Shenzhou V mission in October 2003. The elderly Qian was able to watch China's first manned space mission on television from his hospital bed.

In 2008, he was named Aviation Week and Space Technology Person of the Year. The recognition was not intended as an honor, but is given to the person judged to have the greatest impact on aviation in the past year.[11][34] Furthermore, that year China Central Television named Qian as one of the eleven most inspiring people in China.[35]

In July 2009, the Omega Alpha Association, an international systems engineering honor society, named Qian (H. S. Tsien) one of four Honorary Members.[36]

On October 31, 2009, Qian died at the age of 97 in Beijing.[12][37]

A Chinese film production, Qian Xue Sen, directed by Zhang Jianya and starring Chen Kun as Qian was released on December 11, 2011 in both Asia and North America,[38] and on March 2, 2012 in China.

Science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke, in his novel 2010: Odyssey Two, named a Chinese spaceship after him.
===============================================================================

His obituary in New York Times

Qian Xuesen, Father of China’s Space Program, Dies at 98
By MICHAEL WINESNOV. 3, 2009


BEIJING — Qian Xuesen, a brilliant rocket scientist who single-handedly led China’s space and military rocketry efforts after he was drummed out of the United States during the redbaiting of the McCarthy era, died on Saturday in Beijing. He was 98.

China’s state media reported the death. Mr. Qian had been frail and bedridden in recent years.

In China, Mr. Qian was celebrated as the father of Chinese rocketry, the leader of the research that produced the nation’s first ballistic missiles, its first satellite and the Silkworm anti-ship missile.

But in the United States in the 1930s and 1940s, he was no less valuable, if not so publicly celebrated, as a pioneer in American jet and rocket technology.

As a student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and later as a scientist and teacher at the California Institute of Technology, Mr. Qian, also known as Tsien Hsue-shen, played a central role in early United States’ efforts to exploit jet and rocket propulsion.

As a graduate assistant at Caltech in the late 1930s, Mr. Qian helped conduct seminal research into rocket propulsion, and in the 1940s he helped found the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, now one of NASA’s premier space-exploration centers.

Mr. Qian served on the United States government’s Science Advisory Board during World War II. On the war front in Germany, he advised the Army on ballistic-missile guidance technology. At the war’s end, holding the temporary rank of lieutenant colonel, he debriefed Nazi scientists, including Werner von Braun, and was sent to analyze Hitler’s V-2 rocket facilities.

In the 1940s his mentor and colleague, the Caltech physicist Theodore von Karman, called Mr. Qian “an undisputed genius whose work was providing an enormous impetus to advances in high-speed aerodynamics and jet propulsion.” In 1949, Mr. Qian wrote a proposal for a winged space plane that the magazine Aviation Week and Space Technology, in 2007, called an inspiration for research that led to NASA’s space shuttle.

Photo

Qian Xuesen in 1948 CreditAssociated Press
But by 1950 his American career was over. Shortly after applying for permission to visit his parents in the newly Communist China, he was stripped of his security clearance by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and accused of secretly being a Communist. The charge was based on a 1938 document of the Communist Party of the United States that showed he had attended a social gathering that the F.B.I. suspected was a meeting of the Pasadena Communist Party.

Mr. Qian denied the charges, his Caltech colleagues came to his defense, and the university hired a lawyer to assist him. Mr. Qian first sought to return to China but was placed under virtual house arrest by the government; later, he sought to stay and fight the accusations, but the government sought to deport him.

In 1955, Mr. Qian was sent back to China, where he was proclaimed a hero and immediately put to work developing Chinese rocketry. By many accounts, he later became a committed Communist and served on the party’s ruling body, the Central Committee.


The loyalty allegations have never been fully resolved. Aviation Week, which named Mr. Qian its man of the year in 2007, quoted Dan Kimball, a former under secretary of the Navy, as calling Mr. Qian’s deportation “the stupidest thing this country ever did.” A 1999 United States Congress report on Chinese espionage called Mr. Qian a spy, but critics say the report provides no basis other than a claim that he passed to China the secrets of the American Titan missile program, which began years after he had been deported.

Qian Xuesen was born in 1911, as the Chinese imperial government was collapsing, in Hangzhou, in eastern China. He earned a mechanical engineering degree in 1934 in Shanghai. At the age of 23 he went to the United States on a scholarship to study aeronautical engineering at M.I.T. Later, at Caltech’s Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory, Mr. Qian met Mr. von Karman, who recommended him for the Science Advisory Board and gave him the lead role in research that developed the first American solid-fuel rocket to be successfully launched.

After his deportation, Mr. Qian wrote a position paper for Chinese leaders on aviation and defense, according to the state-run news service Xinhua.

Under his leadership, China developed its first generation of “Long March” missiles and, in 1970, launched its first satellite. Most of China’s recent space achievements, like its manned space program, began long after Mr. Qian’s retirement.

Mr. Qian never returned to the United States. In a 2002 published reminiscence, a Caltech colleague and professor, Frank Marble, stated that he believed that Mr. Qian had “lost faith in the American government” but that he had “always had very warm feelings for the American people.”

Caltech gave Mr. Qian its distinguished alumni award in 2001.
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#54

On Xi's orders, Chinese military set to become 'world class'



Updated: Nov 16, 2017, 08.31 PM IST




Xi has also been instructing troops to increase their readiness to win wars.

During his inspection tour to the CMC joint battle command centre on November 3, Xi reiterated the need for the armed forces to improve their combat capability and readiness for war.

"The capability to win is strategically important in safeguarding national security, and strengthening that capability and combat readiness in the new era would provide strategic support to the realisation of the Chinese ..



 

JohnTan

Alfrescian (InfP)
Generous Asset
#55

On Xi's orders, Chinese military set to become 'world class'



Updated: Nov 16, 2017, 08.31 PM IST




Xi has also been instructing troops to increase their readiness to win wars.

During his inspection tour to the CMC joint battle command centre on November 3, Xi reiterated the need for the armed forces to improve their combat capability and readiness for war.

"The capability to win is strategically important in safeguarding national security, and strengthening that capability and combat readiness in the new era would provide strategic support to the realisation of the Chinese ..


First, tell the chinks to stop running away when the fight begins!


The failures came amid clashes in Juba between troops from the government’s Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), loyal to the president Salva Kiir, and opposition forces of his rival Riek Machar. The street battles, in which scores were killed, were the culmination of months of tension between the two factions, and resulted in the flight of Machar from South Sudan.

During four days of fighting between the rival forces, artillery rounds and gunfire hit two UN bases, killing two Chinese peacekeepers.

The Chinese troops subsequently abandoned their posts, leaving weapons and ammunition behind, the report said.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2...p-south-sudan-rebels-raped-aid-workers-report
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#56
First, tell the chinks to stop running away when the fight begins!


The failures came amid clashes in Juba between troops from the government’s Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), loyal to the president Salva Kiir, and opposition forces of his rival Riek Machar. The street battles, in which scores were killed, were the culmination of months of tension between the two factions, and resulted in the flight of Machar from South Sudan.

During four days of fighting between the rival forces, artillery rounds and gunfire hit two UN bases, killing two Chinese peacekeepers.

The Chinese troops subsequently abandoned their posts, leaving weapons and ammunition behind, the report said.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2...p-south-sudan-rebels-raped-aid-workers-report
ROTFFLMFAO!
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#57
.

Part of China missile lead came from their research and using of N15 propellant while the USA and Russia still uses the Trident D-5 propellent.
Also the advances and lead of China now in the guidance and radar subsystems and anti-jamming

<QUOTE="ejected.president, post: 2663509, member: 4365"]Chinese beat USA to success in 2017 to create new stable explosive 10X to 100X more powerful than TNT. Chinese are the original inventor of world's 1st explosive gun powder. American had been trying the same without success still, even when their efforts began long before the Chinese.


http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/jssd/2017-11-18/doc-ifynwnty4621288.shtml

中国竟先于美推出高含能材料:重要程度堪比055下水
2017年11月18日 10:20 新浪军事





新浪扶翼 行业专区
  2017年1月时,中国宣布一个新的研究成果;成功合成世界首个全氮阴离子盐,相关研究论文成为中国发表在国际顶级期刊《科学》上,有关含能材料领域的第一篇研究论文,也让中国占领新一代超高能含能材料研究国际制高点。

炸药爆炸
  由于全氮类超高含能材料的能量可达10到100倍TNT以上,威力堪比小型核弹,具备高密度、高能量、爆轰产物清洁无污染,爆炸产物为氮气、稳定安全等特点。故而主要的研发对象。

  人们在200多年前,就从空气中分离出氮气,后来也发现氮离子,并各种全氮衍生物进行了大量的理论预测,但是真正合成,最早记录也是1956年,本世纪前后,该领域才算有了突破,目前也处于探索之中,其前景吸引各国进行积极的研究。

介绍
  目前,该领域的研究热点之一是全氮阴离子的合成,主要是稳定性较差,获取全氮阴离子非常困难,原本为美国最早开始试验,没想到中国竟先于美国成功推出高含能材料,而且成果主要在合成上的取得突破性进展。中国科研人员创造性采用间氯过氧苯甲酸和甘氨酸亚铁分别作为切断试剂和助剂,通过氧化断裂的方式首次制备成功室温下稳定全氮阴离子盐。热分析结果显示这种盐分解温度高达116.8 ℃,具有非常好的热稳定性,如此性能世界一流水平,非常具备实用价值。

炸药包因实用而至今处于使用中
  全氮阴离子盐的成功制备,为历史性突破,对其合成应用以及技术发展具有重要的科学意义,也就是距离实际应用又近了一步。重要程度堪比055型大驱下水,别以为就是炸药,这属于旧的概念,如今它的用途绝不仅仅是炸药,也可以用于火箭推进剂等。也许以后,我们可以在火箭上应用,大幅度提升火箭的比冲,从而提高运载火箭性能。美国对全氮类超高含能材料的研究目的就是制造取代有毒的肼类火箭燃料的新型火箭燃料。

火箭也可以用上
  有人将美国新推出的金属氢进行对比,其实全氮阴离子盐和金属氢,为超高能含能材料的两个不同类型,前者属于化学合成,后者属于物理压力制备,虽说用途相近,后者在性能上更高一些,但是前者在应用上更成熟一些,其实它们各有优缺点,都属于新技术之一,不同类的东西,不能简单的说,谁更好,不存在代替关系。

  目前我们制备出全氮阴离子盐,几乎等于摸到了工业化生产的边,或许在不远的将来就能应用到人类的生产生活中。(作者署名:军事天地)

<QUOTE>
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#58
Chinese air force patrol South China Sea
Source: Xinhua| 2017-11-23 19:34:46|Editor: Liangyu








The PLA air force planes are seen conducting training exercises, Nov. 19, 2017. The PLA air force recently conducted a combat air patrol in the South China Sea and conducted training exercises after passing over the Bashi Channel and Miyako Strait. (Xinhua/Chen Jie)

BEIJING, Nov. 23 (Xinhua) -- The PLA air force recently conducted a combat air patrol in the South China Sea, said a military spokesperson on Thursday.

A team of various bombers completed the routine patrol, said spokesman Shen Jinke.

Chinese bombers also conducted training exercises after passing over the Bashi Channel and Miyako Strait. The H-6K bombers took off from an inland airport in north China, according to Shen.

The Chinese air force started regular high seas training in 2015.



1 2 3 4 5 6 Next
 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#59
You have seen the shaped charge power of the RPG-7 and how far it reached through armour plate glass.
The RPG-7 got about 0.6 kg of explosive.
See the video again to refresh your memory as to what just 0.6 kg of explosive can do.

You seen also the Chinese APS taking out an anti tank missile , the missile likely to have about 6 kg in shaped charge to cut through the armour of the tank
https://www.sammyboy.com/threads/can-anti-missile-kaputt-m1-mbt-w-passive-n-reactive-armours.247172/

Note the extent of the stream of hot gases extending from the missile taken out way before it hit the tank



Chinese anti ship cruise missiles contain anything from 300 to 500 kg of shaped charge. Naval ships and carriers have none or very little armour unlike battleships of old. Shaped charges are very directional, and a lot more powerful than just a simple blast.

Look at this video of an antiship missile hitting near the front of the ship. The hot gases will blow into the ship cutting through the water tight bulkheads
finally coming out near the back of the ship. If the ship or carrier contains aviation fuel and bombs, imagine what will happen then when a Chinese ASM hit that ship. And more likely than not, it will not be just one ASM. Salvos of two hundred ++ AMSs at least will be fired at the carrier and a hundred ASMs at other supporting naval ships.

China not like Argentina with just 5 Exocet missiles. And even so, Argentina nearly won against the British with just 5 Exocet missiles.

Do remember China got thousands of supersonic and thousands of subsonic stealth and thousands more of old fashion obsolete silkworms.

And of course, DF21Ds and DF26 with will be coming down from the sky at Mach 10-12.

 

pakchewcheng

Alfrescian
Loyal
#60

China’s Navy Inducts 2 More Sub Killer Stealth Warships
The People’s Liberation Army Navy commissioned two stealth corvettes into service this month.


By Franz-Stefan Gady
November 30, 2017


The People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has inducted two Type 056/056A Jiangdao-class corvettes into service this month.

The two new warships, Guangyuan (hull number 552) and Suining (hull number 551), were commissioned on November 16 and 28 respectively at a naval base in Guangzhou, Guangdong province in southern China. Both vessels will serve in the PLAN’s South Sea Fleet, the force responsible for Chinese naval operations in the South China Sea.

The Type 056 Jiangdao-class has been designated by the PLAN as light missile frigates. There are currently two types of Jiangdao-class ships in service with the Chinese Navy: a multi-purpose and a specialized anti-submarine warfare (ASW) variant. The Guangyuan and Suining are of the latter kind and feature specialized equipment including towed and variable depth sonars in addition to the standard fit that I outlined previously:

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Next to four YJ-83 anti-ship missiles (two launchers with two missiles each) and a 76-millimeter main gun, the ASW variant is also equipped with two 324 millimeter triple torpedo launchers, as well as variable depth and towed sonars. The ship’s flight deck also allows operation of a Harbin Z-9 military helicopter, specifically equipped for ASW missions.

However, “the corvette does not feature a helicopter hangar suggesting that it will be difficult to permanently station a helicopter with airborne dipping sonar aboard a Type 056A corvette,” I noted. ASW remains one of the top priorities of the PLAN and the service aims to rapidly improve its capabilities in the field.

Type 056A corvettes have been designed for patrol and escort operations in the exclusive economic zones of China within 200 nautical miles from the Chinese coastline. According to a Chinese Ministry of Defense statement quoted by Navy Recognition:

Type 056 Corvettes are new-generation light guided missile frigates independently developed by China. It has a length of 89 meters, a beam of 11 meters and a full-load displacement of 1,500 tons.

The warship, independently developed, designed and constructed by China, is equipped with a variety of weapons and equipment, and is featured by good stealth performance, strong compatibility, and a wide range of applications of advanced technologies.

After commissioned to the PLAN, the warship
will perform such missions as patrolling, alert, fishery protection, escort, antisubmarine operation and anti-surface operation.

The PLAN reportedly aims to build a fleet of up to 60 Type 056/056A Jiangdao-class corvettes with one new ship launched ever six weeks. This year alone, the PLAN has commissioned seven Jiangdao-class corvettes (all of the Type 056 ASW variant) into service. Four more corvettes are expected to be commissioned in December and January alone.

Overall, the PLAN operates a total of 37 Type 056/056A Jiangdao-class corvettes.

 
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